Topics in affine and discrete harmonic analysis
Hickman, Jonathan Edward
In this thesis a number of problems in harmonic analysis of a geometric flavour are discussed and, in particular, the Lebesgue space mapping properties of certain averaging and Fourier restriction operators are studied. The first three chapters focus on the perspective afforded by affine-geometrical considerations whilst the remaining chapter considers some discrete variants of these problems. In Chapter 1 there is an overview of the basic affine theory of the aforementioned operators and, in particular, the affine arc-length and surface measures are introduced. Chapter 2 presents work of the author, submitted for publication, concerning an operator which takes averages of functions on Euclidean space over both translates and dilates of a fixed polynomial curve. Moreover, the averages are taken with respect to the affine arc-length; this allows one to prove Lebesgue space estimates with a substantial degree of uniformity in the constants. The sharp range of uniform estimates is obtained in all dimensions except for an endpoint. Chapter 3 presents some work of the author, published in Mathematika, concerning a family of Fourier restriction operators closely related to the averaging operators discussed in Chapter 2. Specifically, a Fourier restriction estimate is obtained for a broad class of conic surfaces by introducing a certain measure which exhibits a special kind of affine invariance. Again, the sharp range of estimates is obtained, but the results are limited to the case of 2-dimensional cones. Finally, Chapter 4 discusses some recent joint work of the author and Jim Wright considering the restriction problem over rings of integers modulo a prime power. The sharp range of estimates is obtained for Fourier restriction to the moment curve in finitely-generated free modules over such rings. This is achieved by lifting the problem to the p-adics and applying a classical argument of Drury in this setting. This work aims to demonstrate that rings of integers offer a simplified model for the Euclidean restriction problem.