Survey of the vernacular architecture of Wigtownshire
This is a survey of a range of Buildings, taking special account of a rural economy, with emphasis placed on Buildings connected with farming from the period of the first enclosures. An extensive survey was inventoried from archival and field work, and when material permits statistical evidence is tabulated. A cross section of representative types of Buildings, which were intensively researched, are illustrated By field sketches. Photographs and estate plans are also included throughout. The influence of the physical geography and geology of the area is considered with relevance to land use and settlement, and also to the distribution and utilisation of Building materials. The social and economic aspects of history are also discussed. (Chapter i) Farmsteadings, including farmhouses, are surveyed with associated cottages, (Chapter II) Some manses, churches, schools and schoolhouses are included, and the layouts of villages and towns are described together with the character of the houses, which gave them three-dimensioned form. (Chapters III and IV") Estate and other regional architecture is considered when it contributes to the character of local Buildings, thus linking vernacular architecture with extraneous influences. (Chapter V) Past and present effects of various factors, which helped to create the vernacular architecture of this county are assessed, noting the changes of attitudes towards style and function in certain Building types, such as manses, which illustrate social and economic changes in regional life. Thus the thesis attempts to bring together into synthesis the social, economic and architectural evidence which the examples studied can produce. It emerges that a regional architecture is Being described; that it arises out of the change from the basically subsistence economy of older times into the more prosperous economy which developed in the eighteenth aid, nineteenth centuries, in conjunction with better communications and the momentum of the agricultural and industrial revolutions.