Some problems of translation: a linguistic comparison of texts in English sand Hindi
Sharma, Dharma Dutta
The aim of this thesis is to study problems of translation in linguistic terms - that is, within the framework of linguistic theory. The theory underlying this study is the scale-and-category theory, which is most fully presented in M.A.K. Halliday*s "Categories of the Theory of Grammar", Word, vol. 17» pp.241-292. It is assumed that the reader will have some knowledge of this work, and thus it has not been considered necessary to present a detailed statement of the underlying theory. The study falls into three parts. Part I, which consists of the first chapter, presents translation in its proper perspective. It is claimed that translation, being an operation upon languages, comes under the scope of linguistics and can only be studied scientifically if regarded as such. The chapter also deals with seme of the theoretical problems concerning an application of linguistic theory to problems of translation. Part II, which consists of five chapters (2-6), presents grammatical descriptions of English and Hindi on the one hand and analyses of texts in the tv/o languages on the other beginning from the sentence down to the group rank. Each of these chapters has been divided into three sections. The descriptions of English and Hindi in the first and the second sections are of course not exhaustive but are presented mainly for the purpose of their application to the texts in the third section. This method has "been followed in all the five chapters of Part II. Part III, consisting of the last chapter, is in the nature of concluding remarks dealing with some of the main points arising out of the present study as well as some general points concerning translation and language comparison. Although the present work is "based on texts the aim is not only to study the texts listed below but also to show by examples the validity of an application of linguistic method to problems of translation and language comparison in general.