Critique of memory research
Figueroa Nazuno, Jesus Guillermo
The present relation between theory and experimentation in the area of memory is discussed, and as a result it is suggested that there is a crisis in thin field of work. On the one hand, there are some theories which are supposed to be guides for research as exemplified by the theory of Shiffrin and Atkinson and on the other bond there are a great deal of problems, or phenomena, which are open to research and cannot be explained using contemporary theories. It in concluded that the lack of relation between the explanation and the phenomena is the major source of the crisis. This conclusion is supported here with on experimental analysis of the ideas of trace, flow of information and stores. One of the indications of possible solution to the crisis, is the experimental evidence in favour of the idea of memory as a reconstructive process. A conceptual structure for further work is presented, which could be considered as an intermediate step to relate in the future, in a clearer way, several phenomena and explanations. This conceptual structure suggests the use of a different interpretation of memory functions; suggest the use of the idea of processes of manipulation of information, and points out the difficulties in trying to elaborate account, of representation.