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dc.contributor.advisorAshworth, Cheryl
dc.contributor.advisorLawrence, Alistair
dc.contributor.advisorRutherford, Kenny
dc.contributor.advisorJarvis, Susan
dc.contributor.authorIson, Sarah Halina
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-22T14:19:32Z
dc.date.available2017-06-22T14:19:32Z
dc.date.issued2016-07-02
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/22078
dc.description.abstractThis research project addressed pain at parturition in pigs using three different approaches. Firstly, a survey study explored UK pig farmer and veterinarian attitudes to pain and the use of pain relief in order to understand the commercial context behind decisions relating to pain and its management. Secondly, an observational study was conducted to investigate the use of behaviour to assess pain associated with the process of giving birth (or farrowing) in pigs. A final experimental study was used to investigate the administration of a pain relief drug post-farrowing to improve pig welfare and increase productivity. In a questionnaire to farmers and veterinarians, individuals were asked to identify the anti-inflammatory drugs they used or prescribed and how often for selected conditions in pigs. They were also asked to rate the painfulness of different conditions and indicate their level of agreement with statements about pain and the use of pain relief. Results showed anti-inflammatories were widely used, with high agreement that pigs recovered better when given these drugs. Farmers and vets gave similar scores for painful conditions but females and younger respondents scored higher for specific conditions. The results suggest that potential barriers to the increased use of pain relief include a lack of up to date knowledge and communication between farmers and vets about pain and how best to treat it. A preliminary investigation was conducted to identify novel behavioural measures to assess pain in sows over the periparturient period. A set of spontaneous putative pain behaviours were characterised and quantified, using observations of sows before, during and after farrowing. These potential behavioural pain indicators were rare or absent before farrowing and the highest levels were seen during farrowing. For the post-farrowing observations, levels were highest for the immediate post-farrowing period and remained higher than pre-farrowing values up to 24 hours after the last piglet was born. Positive correlations between behavioural variables measured during and after farrowing indicate the individual consistency in the expression of these behaviours. Putative pain behaviours, along with other measures of welfare and productivity were then used to test the benefits of administering the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ketoprofen, compared with a saline placebo, 1.5 hours post farrowing in primiparous and multiparous sows. No clear treatment differences were observed for the sow welfare measures, including the putative behavioural indicators of pain. For primiparous sows treated with ketoprofen, fewer piglets died, but this could be due to an unexpected treatment difference in piglet birth weight, which is strongly linked with piglet mortality. Further research is needed to validate the spontaneous behaviours used in this study as indicators of pain in periparturient sows.en
dc.contributor.sponsorBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.hasversionIson, S.H., Rutherford, K.M.D. 2014. Attitudes of farmers and veterinarians to pain and the use of pain relief in pigs. The Veterinary Journal, 202: 622-627. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2014.10.003.en
dc.relation.hasversionIson, S. H., Rutherford, K. M. D. 2015.The effect of ketoprofen administered post farrowing on the behaviour and physiology of gilts and sows. 49th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, Sapporo Hokkaido, Japan, 14-17th September. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3920/978-90-8686-817-9 (p. 87).en
dc.relation.hasversionIson, S. H., Rutherford, K. M. D. 2015. The effect of ketoprofen administered post farrowing on pre weaning mortality. 66th annual meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science, Warsaw, Poland, 31st August to 4th September. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3920/978-90-8686-816-2 (p.540).en
dc.relation.hasversionIson, S. H., Rutherford, K. M. D. 2014. Potential behavioural indicators of pain in periparturient sows. 48th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, Vittoria-Gasteiz, Spain 29th July to 2nd August. http://dx.doi.org/10.3920/978-90- 8686-797-4 (p.222).en
dc.relation.hasversionIson, S.H. & Rutherford, K.M.D. 2014. Detailed behavioural observations of farrowing sows. Proceedings of the ISAE UK and Ireland Regional meeting, Edinburgh, 21-22nd January.en
dc.relation.hasversionIson, S.H., Rutherford, K. M. D. 2013. A survey of attitudes and practices of farmers and veterinarians to pain and the use of pain relief in breeding pigs. Proceedings of the 5th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management, Edinburgh, 22-24th May.en
dc.relation.hasversionIson, S.H., Rutherford, K. M. D. 2013. A survey of attitudes and practices of UK veterinarians towards pain and the use of pain relieving drugs in breeding pigs. Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science and the Association of Veterinary Teaching and Research Work, Nottingham 16-17th April.en
dc.relation.hasversionD’Eath, R.B., Niemi, J.K., Ahmadi, B.V., Rutherford, K.M.D, Ison, S.H., Turner, S.P., Anker, H.T., Jensen, T., Busch, M.E., Jensen, K.K., Lawrence, A.B. and Sandøe, P. Accepted. Why are most EU pigs tail docked? Economic and ethical analysis of four pig housing and management scenarios in the light of EU legislation and animal welfare outcomes. Animal. doi:10.1017/S1751731115002098en
dc.relation.hasversionIson, S. H., Wood, C.M., Baxter, E.M. 2015. Behaviour of pre-pubertal gilts and its relationship to farrowing behaviour in conventional farrowing crates and loosehoused pens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 170, 26-33. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2015.06.004.en
dc.relation.hasversionBaxter, E.M., Adeleye, O.O., Jack, M.C., Farish, M., Ison, S.H., Edwards, S.A. 2015. Achieving optimum performance in a loose-housed systems for sows: the effects of space and temperature. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 169, 9-16. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2015.05.004.en
dc.relation.hasversionMartin, J.E., Ison, S.H., Baxter, E.M. 2015. The influence of neonatal environment on piglet play behaviour and post-weaning social and cognitive development. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 163, 69-79. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2014.11.022.en
dc.relation.hasversionRutherford, K.M.D., Piastowska-Ciesielska, A., Donald, R.D., Robson, S.K., Ison, S.H., Jarvis, S., Brunton, P.J., Russell, J. A, Lawrence, A.B., 2014. Prenatal stress produces anxiety prone female offspring and impaired maternal behaviour in the domestic pig. Physiology & Behaviour 129, 255–264. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.02.052.en
dc.relation.hasversionIson, S.H., Donald, R.D, Jarvis, S., Robson, S.K., Lawrence, A.B., Rutherford, K.M.D., 2014. Behavioral and physiological responses of primiparous sows to mixing with older, unfamiliar sows. Journal of Animal Science 92(4), 1647–1655. doi:10.2527/jas.2013-6447.en
dc.relation.hasversionIson, S.H., Wood, C.M, Baxter, E.M. 2012. Relationships between behaviour during temperament tests in prepubertal gilts with farrowing behaviour in two environments: a conventional crate or loose-housed (PigSAFE) pen. Proceeding of the 46th ISAE congress, Vienna, 31st July – 4th August. doi:10.3921/978-90-8686- 758-5 (p. 19).en
dc.relation.hasversionIson, S.H., Rutherford, K.M.D., Donald, R.D., Jarvis, S., Robson, S.K., Lawrence, A.B. 2012. Primiparous sow behaviour under social stress: mixing with older unfamiliar sows. Proceedings of the ISAE UK and Ireland regional meeting, Harper Adams University, Newport Shropshire, 20th – 21st February.en
dc.subjectanimal welfareen
dc.subjectpainen
dc.subjectpain assessmenten
dc.subjectparturitionen
dc.subjectpigen
dc.titleAddressing pain at parturition in the pigen
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen
dc.rights.embargodate2100-12-31en
dcterms.accessRightsRestricted Accessen


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