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dc.contributor.authorShen, Xiaobaien
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-28T16:11:08Z
dc.date.available2017-06-28T16:11:08Z
dc.date.issued1998
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/22630
dc.description.abstracten
dc.description.abstractThis thesis examines the scope for developing countries, and in particular those with a socialist tradition like China, to benefit from advanced technologies developed in the West and acquire indigenous technological capacities. Empirically it investigates China's attempts to acquire capabilities in the highly complex field of - Public Digital Switching Systems (PDSS) - the technology at the heart of modern telecommunications systems and therefore of great social and economic importance.en
dc.description.abstractThe study builds upon a critical review of literature in three areas: development studies, studies of socialist economies and technology studies. It explores how developing countries might utilise exogenous technological competencies effectively, by means of 'dual technology development' with appropriate strategies for technology transfer and processes of technological learning to transform exogenous competencies into indigenous ones.en
dc.description.abstractTwo detailed cases studies are presented and analysed in the wider social and economic context. One involves the wholesale transfer of capabilities to produce a Western PDSS technology in China (System 12) through a joint venture project. The other involves the indigenous development of a Chinese PDSS (HJD-04) conceived by a military R&D institute, and brought to production through a collaboration with two other bodies in the Chinese telecommunication sector. These cases highlight the range of choices available in the acquisition of technological capabilities - from large scale and formal technology transfer (System 12), which provided a wide range of means for technological learning, to the selective import of component technologies (HJD-04) and their effective combination with locally available expertise. They offer different opportunities for further innovation and for local shaping of these technologies.en
dc.description.abstractThe cases also throw light on the influence of the economic reforms on the technological dynamism of China's 'national system'. In particular, the introduction of market pressures provided important incentives for R&D institutes and producers to become more responsive to their customers and to work together. Economic necessity forced them to compete in the market and meet customers' requirements for high product quality. The cases demonstrate the need for continued state intervention to provide frameworks for market mechanisms to encourage technological co-operation, to balance local and national interests, and to reduce negative social consequences. In light of the changing and diverse forms of state intervention in China, the thesis argues that market dynamics and public policy should be complementary.en
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.ispartofAnnexe Thesis Digitisation Project 2017 Block 10en
dc.relation.isreferencedbyAlready catalogueden
dc.titleTechnology transfer and the acquisition of technological capabilities: the development of public digital switching technology in Chinaen
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen


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