Census Data and PPGIS: Housing in the Kingston Metropolitan Region, Jamaica
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Jamaica, like many other former colonies (Broch-Due, 2005), has had turbulent times since its independence in 1962. Urban areas, and especially Kingston, Jamaica’s capital city with a population of over 600,000 people, have suffered from gang and political violence since the end of the seventies and specially the eighties, and that, together with the colonial urban division background, has helped to create social segregation throughout the city. By using housing census data, and the subsequent aggregation and classification of it, this paper intends to describe and explain the social segregation of the city and how it is distributed throughout space. This data has been mapped to allow the study of the spatial distribution of social status using traditional GIS methods, but also cartograms have been used to expand the scope of the study. Ways of making the results available are explored and a web based PPGIS has been created in order to allow citizens to become an active part of the research process and make results available. The PPGIS system also allows Kingstonians to create and participate in virtual communities which help to share experiences between people from rival neighbourhoods.