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dc.contributor.authorAl-Hussayen, Abdullah Salehen
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-31T11:23:18Z
dc.date.available2018-01-31T11:23:18Z
dc.date.issued1997en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/26779
dc.description.abstracten
dc.description.abstractThe main purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of the phenomenon of women's behaviour within the built environment of Najd in Saudi Arabia. In other words, the aim is to discover the way in which women interact with their built environment and the factors that play a role in this interaction.en
dc.description.abstractThe need for this study is crucial and initially emerged from a concern that, during the last few decades, drastic changes have occurred in the built environment of Najd which, in turn, produced a mismatch between the social and psychological needs of the people of Najd (women in particular) and their built environment. This mismatch manifests itself in both physical and non -physical forms. The physical form is represented by: completely or partially blocked windows, high walls, unused balconies etc. The social consequences of this mismatch, on the other hand, is clearly visible in the lack of social contacts between neighbours and from the limited involvement of women in outdoor life.en
dc.description.abstractThe absence of studies examining the phenomenon of environmental behaviour of Najdi women confirms both the need and the importance of this research.en
dc.description.abstractThis thesis explores Najdi women's behaviour in order to determine the factors that play a role in their interaction with the built environment. The hypothesis is that there is a mismatch which is not just a temporary symptom of the transition towards a fully modernised society. It argues that the mismatch is associated with factors that have relative permanence such as `ird and the Islamic laws and codes. These factors will be difficult, if not impossible, to overcome for many of the subsequent generations, because they are deeply rooted in the culture of the people of Najd.en
dc.description.abstractTo tackle the problems involved in this study , traditional and contemporary contexts were examined through the application of two different sets of techniques. The data collection connected with the traditional context is dependent upon a reconstruction of the women's way of life and then relate it to the traditional built -environment of Najd. On the other hand, the data concerning the contemporary physical environment is dependent upon immediate observation of that environment.en
dc.description.abstractBoth quantitative and qualitative methods were used as tools for the data collection and analysis that is mentioned above. Adequate modification and adjustments were made to help serve the purpose of this study.en
dc.description.abstractThis study provides us with many results. Regarding the contemporary built - environment, it shows that the domain of the women of Najd has been restricted to a very limited area, and that their activities have shifted from outdoor spaces to indoor ones. This shrinkage in women's spatial domain goes beyond the reduction of physical - spaces to include the visual aspect as well. The results also show that women tend to suffer in the contemporary built -environment and that the urban design of the neighbourhood has, environmentally, handicapped women and affected their freedom of movement outsider of their residences as well as restricting their involvement in social and public spheres. Inside the limited domain of the women, this study shows that the existence of non -mahram in the same space as women put even more strain on the women's use of that space.en
dc.description.abstractThe main influential factors that mediate the women's interactions with their built - environment are the traditional value of 'ird and the Islamic systems of `awra and mahram. these values are still strong and the women pay a great deal of respect to them. These values explain, in different ways, both the suffering, and the satisfaction that women have with their built environment.en
dc.description.abstractOn the other hand, this study discovered that women traditionally enjoyed more freedom in the use of different urban spaces whether they were public, private or open or closed. Their domain extended, in the past, to encompass most of the traditional settlement without them scarifying their ird or violating the Islamic systems and code of modesty. In general, women in the past, had a higher degree of psycho -social well -being then they do today.en
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.ispartofAnnexe Thesis Digitisation Project 2017 Block 15en
dc.relation.isreferencedbyAlready catalogueden
dc.titleWomen and the built environment of Najd: case studies: Ar-Riyadh and Ushaigiren
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen


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