While a satisfactory complement- fixation test has
been developed for louping -ill disease in sheep, complement - fixing antibody is only of limited value in determining susceptibility, or immunity resulting from infection. Susceptible sheep are always negative to the test but those which
recover from the disease are not always positive due to the
delayed appearance, borderline titres, or rapid decline and
disappearance of antibody. In contrast, serum neutralising antibody is a reliable diagnostic criterion. This antibody is stable in the recovered animal.
Louping -ill mouse brain virus is accurately titrated
by its cytopathogenic effect in pig kidney mor.olayer tissue
culture, and sheep antiserum by its inhibitory action on virus cytopathogenicity. Such titrations are as accurate
as those in mice.