In making these observations, my object has
been, - 1.To ascertain the length of time it is necessary for
the thermometer to remain- *in situ" in order to
record the correct body heat. With this object in
view., the thermometry of the mouth, rectum, axilla,
groin and urine, has been investigated.
2.To establish the amount of variation and the relative reliability of the reading of the thermometer
placed in the mouth, rectum, urine, axilla and
3.To ascertain the effect of exercise and certain
other conditions on the temperature in health,
tuberculosis, and other diseases; - also in normal
and tuberculous cows and other animals.
These observations - excepting those dealing with
animals - have been taken on fifty -six inmates,
(children and adults of both sexes) of the Norfolk
and Norwich Hospital, suffering from various medical
and surgical affections, during the months of December 1901, and January, February and March 1902.
The cases chosen have been as varied as possible, a
large proportion were suffering from some form of
tuberculosis, - intestinal, peritonitic, arthritic,
pleuritic, or pulmonary, - while the remainder were
cases of, - Chlorosis, Diabetes Mellitus, Pleurisy,
Dyspepsia, Endocarditis, Enteric Fevers Diphtheria,
Endometritis, Ex-opthalmic goitre, Addison's disease,
Malignant disease of the rectum and tonsil, Cretinism
etc. Their ages varied from - one to sixty years.
Specially selected, half -minute clinical thermometers,
which had been tested at Kew, have been used throughout. All the observations have been taken with the
greatest care and if necessary checked, if any doubt
existed about the accuracy of a given reading it was
either taken again), or discarded. As far as was possible the same thermometer was used for observations
taken in different situations (comparison readings) - each patient being provided with a separate thermometer.