Acute cases of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia frow
outbreaks in Kenya were investigated. A mycoplasma, designated
F38, was isolated in 41 cases from 30 outbreaks but no organisms
identical to M,,rcaplasma mycoides subspecies carri represented by
the reference strains PG3, Smith and N108, were recovered.
Similarly no organisms identical to M. mycoides subspecies
mycoides of caprine origin represented by strain Vom were
isolated from acute cases.
F38 was pathogenic to goats by inoculation and the
pleuropneumonia induced spread readily to goats in contact.
Primary isolation of this organism proved difficult and growth
in vitro was slow.
A second mycoplasma, designated F30, was isolated from three
chronic cases of caprine pleuropneumonia. F30 was pathogenic to
goats and sheep following inoculation but the disease was not
contagious. This organism grew readily in vitro even at primary
Serological, biochemical, cultural, and morphological studies
suggested that F38 and F30 were members of the species, M. mycoides.
Complement fixation and agar gel diffusion test results emphasized
the similarity of F30, F38, and reference strains of the M. mycoides
species. Growth and metabolic inhibition tests indicated that F30
but not F38 belonged to Al- Aubaidi's Group 8. Moreover F38 differed
from M. mycoides subspecies carri strains PG3, Smith, and N108.
A small preliminary trial yielded evidence that a degree of
protection to the contagious disease was engendered by the prior
inoculation of goats with F38 passaged serially in cultures.
Strains F30 and F38 were sent to three International Mycoplasma
Reference Centres for further study. Reports placed F30 as a member
of the M. mycoides subspecies mycoides in Al- Aubaidi's Group 3.. Classification of strain F38 is in progress; if F38 proves to re- present a new serctype, a name will be proposed.