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dc.contributor.authorMcAlpine, Alan S.en
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-31T11:48:01Z
dc.date.available2018-01-31T11:48:01Z
dc.date.issued1991en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/28559
dc.description.abstracten
dc.description.abstractThe existing medium resolution structure of the predominant bovine milk whey protein, ß- lactoglobulin (Blg) showed that the fold of the monomer consisted of a barrel of 9 ß- strands and one 3 -turn a -helix. Its similarity to retinol binding protein (RBP), two bilin binding proteins and its close sequence similarity to other transport proteins, has resulted in its inclusion in a superfamily, the lipocalycins. The ß- barrel forms an hydrophobic pocket which is thought responsible for its ability to bind a series of small hydrophobic molecules. The function of the protein is uncertain.en
dc.description.abstractThe possibility of engineering the protein's hydrophobic pocket so that it can carry small hydrophobic drug molecules through the stomach, where their presence may be detrimental is investigated in the following manner.en
dc.description.abstractDigestion experiments indicated that the protein has remarkable resistance to bovine pepsin and, to a lesser extent, trypsin. Its resistance to human pepsins is such that it would allow its passage through the stomach without any degradation. The presence of a ligand bound to the protein was shown to enhance the resistance to the protease trypsin.en
dc.description.abstractThe solution of two small molecule structures is described and serves as an introduction to the technique of X -ray crystallography. Refinement of the existing model, lattice Y at pH 7.8 (space group B2212, a =55.7 A, b =67.2 A, c =81.7 A) encounters some problems and these are discussed. A new medium resolution data set was collected and allows a more accurate model to be obtained. Refinement with the least squares package TNT gives an R- factor of 20.1% at 3.0 A. The resealing of existing high resolution data is described which will be merged with the medium resolution data set.en
dc.description.abstractCrystals of the protein were grown from ammonium sulphate at pH 3.0 (space group P63; a =b =68.49 A; c= 143.17 A) and data have been collected. A low pH structure will help investigate the proteins remarkable stability under these conditions. It will also help in the investigation of residues within the hydrophobic pocket which may be genetically engineered. Data have also been collected on crystals grown at the proteins isoelectric point, pH 5.2 (space group P21; a =72.2 A; b =67.9 A; c =36.2 A; ß= 92.0 °), and examined by molecular replacement which orientates the lattice Y structure in the cell of the unknown.en
dc.description.abstractBlg is the most antigenic milk protein and the purification of monoclonal antibodies towards Blg was undertaken to allow future crystallisation of a complex between the antigen binding fragment and Blg. Such a complex will reveal an antigenic site and allow investigation of the interaction.en
dc.description.abstractThe final chapter discusses the results obtained and concludes that Blg is a good candidate to engineer for the production of a drug carrier.en
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.ispartofAnnexe Thesis Digitisation Project 2017 Block 16en
dc.relation.isreferencedbyen
dc.titleStructural and functional studies on bovine β-lactoglobulinen
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen


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