The research reported upon had one aim: to create a modern account ofthe inception and
development of farming in lowland east-central Scotland (defined as the old local authority
Regions ofTayside and Fife, and the adjacent parts ofthe Regions of Central and
Grampian), taking particular account of potential inter-regional differences, and in a coherent
national interpretative context.
There are seven specific objectives:
1. to reveal and explore the extent and diversity of the remains of Neolithic occupation in
the area, in part through creating corpora of site types
2. to document and explain the long histories of use and change on Neolithic/early Bronze
Age ceremonial/burial sites.
3. to set the rich ceremonial/burial evidence into a more rounded settlement and
4. to assess the evidence for, and establish the extent and nature of inter-regional variation
throughout the Neolithic
5. to place the development of locally appropriate explanatory models in the history of
6. to set the study of the archaeology of lowland Scotland in a wider historical/cultural
7. to identify and quantify the threats to the survival of the Neolithic archaeological
The research was undertaken through the gathering of new information in the field,
reinterpreting the results of older fieldwork in the light of more recent understanding, and
through survey of relevant archaeological, historical and political literature.
THE MATERIAL SUBMITTED:
1. G J Barclay & M Tolan 1991 'Trial excavation of a terrace-edge enclosure at North
Mains, Strathallan, Perthshire1, Proceedings ofthe Society ofAntiquaries ofScotland,
| 2. G J Barclay & G S Maxwell 1992 'Excavation of a Neolithic long mortuary enclosure
within the Roman legionary fortress at Inchtuthil, Perthshire', Proceedings ofthe
Society ofAntiquaries ofScotland, 121 (1991), 27-44.
| 3. G J Barclay & C J Russell-White 1994 'Excavations in the ceremonial complex ofthe
fourth to second millennium BC at Balfarg/Balbirnie, Glenrothes, Fife', Proceedings
of the Society ofAntiquaries ofScotland, 123 (1993), 43-210.
| 4. G J Barclay 1996 'Neolithic buildings in Scotland' in T Darvill and J Thomas (eds)
Neolithic Buildings in Northwest Europe and Beyond, 61-75. [=Neolithic Studies
Group Seminar Papers 1: Oxbow Monograph 57], Oxbow: Oxford.
| 5. G J Barclay (ed) 1997b State-funded Rescue Archaeology in Scotland: Past, Present
and Future. [=Elistoric Scotland Ancient Monuments Division Occasional Paper 2],
Historic Scotland: Edinburgh.
| 6. G J Barclay 1997a 'The Neolithic', in K Edwards & I Ralston (eds) Scotland:
environment and archaeology 8,000 BC to AD 1,000, 127-149. Wiley: Chichester.
| 7. G J Barclay & G S Maxwell 1998 The Cleaven Dyke and Littleour: monuments in the
Neolithic ofTayside (Society of Antiquaries of Scotland Monograph 13).
| 8. G J Barclay & CLN Ruggles 1999 'On the frontier? Recumbent stone circles in
Kincardine and Angus', Tayside & Fife Archaeological Journal 5, 12-22.
| 9. Barclay, G J 2000 'Cairnpapple re-visited: 1948-1998' Proceedings ofthe Prehistoric
Society 65 (1999), 17-46.
| 10. C L N Ruggles & G J Barclay 2000 'Cosmology, calendars and society in Neolithic
Orkney', Antiquity 74 (2000), 62-74.
| 11. G J Barclay 2000 'Between Orkney and Wessex: the search for the regional Neolithics
of Britain', Ritchie, A (ed) Neolithic Orkney in its European Context, 275-285.