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dc.contributor.authorHaverly, Thomas P.en
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-22T12:42:21Z
dc.date.available2018-05-22T12:42:21Z
dc.date.issued1983
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/30257
dc.description.abstracten
dc.description.abstractThis thesis addresses the paradoxical image of Mark's Gospel in contemporary criticism by an attempt to follow a tradition-oriented approach informed by the "oralformulaic theory" of oral literature. Mark is at once a loosely organized collection of traditionally shaped units and a coherent narrative with distinct literary qualities. Current critical approaches have difficulty with these contrary features of the Gospel.en
dc.description.abstractThe oral-formulaic theory, developed in the field of Homeric studies, is able to account for the units of tradition, their combination and use in extended narratives, and the literary characteristics of such oral compositions. Oral narratives are re-composed in each "performance" through the use of "formulaic" diction and of "thematic" narrative units fashioned in the tradition. These texts, if recorded, can be compared and contrasted with written literature by their formulaic and thematic characteristics. Discussion of oral-formulaic theory in folkloristics and related studies provides general support for its description of the traditional process of oral composition, and enables its application to non-poetic oral narratives.en
dc.description.abstractThis account of the nature and literary potential of oral composition makes significant form-critical principles outmoded, particularly the ideas of fixed and fragmentary transmission, which are also essential to redaction criticism. Oral—formulaic theory provides an alternative framework within which to understand features of Mark identified by form and redaction criticism. Accordingly, the hypothesis of the oral composition of Mark is tested in the second part of the thesis on the basis of oral-formulaic criteria.en
dc.description.abstractThe "formulaic analysis" of Mark 1:1-45 faces uncertainties regarding the identification of formulaic expressions in prose. Even so, a proportion sufficient to satisfy this criterion for orality appears formulaic. The "thematic analysis" describes a network of similar scenes which covers most of the Gospel. These scenes display structural characteristics predicted by oral- formulaic theory and were used in Mark according to recognized oral techniques.en
dc.description.abstractResults of the oral—formulaic analysis of Mark are positive: the hypothesis is not proven but is worthy of further consideration, and justifies continued use of a tradition-oriented approach to the Gospel. Oral traditional composition provides a framework which comprehends both the traditional and the literary characteristics of Mark and offers to resolve its paradoxical image.en
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.ispartofAnnexe Thesis Digitisation Project 2018 Block 19en
dc.relation.isreferencedbyAlready catalogueden
dc.titleOral traditional literature and the composition of Mark's Gospelen
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen


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