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dc.contributor.authorHolmes, Michaelen
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-22T12:42:38Z
dc.date.available2018-05-22T12:42:38Z
dc.date.issued1977
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/30274
dc.description.abstracten
dc.description.abstractThis thesis investigates the hypothesis that convergent and divergent thinking reflect different defensive preferences - convergers inclining towards repression, divergers to intellectual modes of defence.en
dc.description.abstractTo test this claim, individuals' reactions to their own dreams - a rich source of threatening material, according to psychoanalytic theory - were investigated. Utilising all-night electrophysiological monitoring of sleep, recall following awakenings from REM (dream) sleep was contrasted for convergent and divergent groups. The convergers did prove poorer at recalling dream content, but only from those awakenings that, it had been postulated, might elicit threatening material. Convergers' recall of non-threatening material ('control' awakenings) actually proved slightly better than for their divergent counterparts. These findings were taken to support the view that convergers more typically resort to repressive defensive measures.en
dc.description.abstractComparing REM sleep between the two groups on undisturbed nights, divergers were found to spend more time nightly in this stage of sleep than convergers. In addition, the REM sleep of divergers was characterised by a much lower density of eye movements. A closer analysis revealed that divergers spent much more time in substantial episodes of REM sleep without eye movements.en
dc.description.abstractThis finding was taken to reflect a divergent preference for intellectual modes of defence, having previously speculated that, during these episodes without eye movements, secondary revision of threatening dream experience may occur. The lower density of eye movements discharged by divergers was also attributable, in part, to a tendency for convergers to spend more time in episodes of sustained eye movement activity. Moreover, convergers exhibited a longer first period of REM sleep than divergers (against the overall trend) and a shorter REM sleep latency - all of which suggest a greater need for REM sleep and, arguably, its psychological concomitant, dreaming. This pattern was seen as support for psychological compensation, convergers making up for less imaginative day-time experience with more immediate and more intense dreaming.en
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.ispartofAnnexe Thesis Digitisation Project 2018 Block 19en
dc.relation.isreferencedbyAlready catalogueden
dc.titleREM sleep patterning and dream recall in convergers and divergersen
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen


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