Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMcMillan, Corey
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-10T09:47:16Z
dc.date.available2010-02-10T09:47:16Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/3280
dc.description.abstractTraditionally, psychologists and linguists have assumed that phonological speech errors result from the substitution of well-formed segments. However, there is growing evidence from acoustic and articulatory analyses of these errors which suggests ac- tivation from competing phonological representations can cascade to articulation. This thesis assumes a cascading model, and investigates further constraints for psy- cholinguistic models of speech production. Two major questions are addressed: whether such a cascading model should include feedback; and whether phonologi- cal representations are still required if articulation is not well-formed. In order to investigate these questions a new method is introduced for the analysis of artic- ulatory data, and its application for analysing EPG and ultrasound recordings is demonstrated. A speech error elicitation experiment is presented in which acoustic and elec- tropalatography (EPG) signals were recorded. A transcription analysis of both data sets tentatively supports a feedback account for the lexical bias effect. Cru- cially, however, the EPG data in conjunction with a perceptual experiment highlight that categorising speech errors is problematic for a cascaded view of production. Therefore, the new analysis technique is used for a reanalysis of the EPG data. This allows us to abandon a view in which each utterance is an error or not. We demon- strate that articulation is more similar to a competing phonological representation when the competitor yields a real word. This pattern firmly establishes evidence for feedback in speech production. Two additional experiments investigate whether phonological representations, in addition to lower-level representations (e.g., features), are required to account for ill-formed speech. In two tongue-twister experiments we demonstrate with both EPG and ultrasound, that articulation is most variable when there is one compet- ing feature, but not when there are two competing features. This pattern is best accounted for in a feedback framework in which feature representations feedback to reinforce phonological representations.Analysing articulation using a technique which does not require the categorisation of responses allows us to investigate the consequences of cascading. It demonstrates that a cascading model of speech production requires feedback between levels of representation and that phonemes should still be represented even if articulation is malformed.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.subjectPsychologyen
dc.subjectSpeech productionen
dc.subjectArticulationen
dc.titleArticulatory Evidence for Interactivity in Speech Productionen
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record