Vibrational spectroscopy and microscopy in colorectal cancer
Item statusRestricted Access
Embargo end date31/12/2100
This project set out to examine the possibility that by acquiring Raman spectra and performing multi-photon imaging we can get better diagnosis and understanding of the biochemistry of an individual cancerous tumour and distinguish it from the healthy tissue. Within the frame of this study, colorectal primary and secondary cancer cells are examined with Raman spectroscopy in order to (i) study and distinguish them according to their chemical composition by applying multivariate methods and (ii) determine whether Raman spectroscopy can identify the cells which are the link between primary and secondary colorectal cancer cells, the so-called Cancer Stem Cells. The second part of this thesis is based on tissue studies. Human colorectal tissue sections are examined in a label-free manner with the use of multi-photon imaging modes (i) Two photon excitation fluorescence, (ii) stimulated Raman scattering and (iii) second harmonic generation, in order to determine whether these can provide fast and accurate diagnosis of colorectal cancer. These techniques were able to distinguish between healthy and cancerous tissue regions, based on the chemically-specific images of the tissue microenvironment and architecture. The hypothesis of Cancer stem cell is examined with the use of Raman spectroscopy shown that the CSCs have some small differences according to their tissue origin.