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dc.contributor.authorHenderson, William MacGregoren
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-15T14:29:23Z
dc.date.available2019-02-15T14:29:23Z
dc.date.issued1945
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/34653
dc.description.abstracten
dc.description.abstractThe scope of this work is to discuss the necessity for the quantitative study of a filterable virus, the methods available for such a study and those applicable to foot-and-mouth disease virus; to discuss the use of the guinea -pig and its limitations, with the description of the evolution of a method of study using cattle, with a discussion of the effectiveness of the method as at resent devised; and to present the information gained as a result of these quantitative studies.en
dc.description.abstractA review is given of the methods available for the quantitative study of filterable viruses and those methods applicable to the virus of foot-and-mouth disease.en
dc.description.abstractThe quantitative study of foot-and-mouth disease virus depends on the detection of the infective agent in progressive dilutions of the virus suspension by inoculation of susceptible animals.en
dc.description.abstractSince the discovery of the susceptibility of the guinea-pig to the virus, this animal has been largely used in tests for its detection.en
dc.description.abstractThe usefulness of the guinea-pig for this work is limited by the fact that strains of foot-and-mouth disease virus possess a strong species adaptation.en
dc.description.abstractThis adaptation to a particular species may usually be modified by serial passage in another species.en
dc.description.abstractUntil a virus strain has become adapted to the guinea-pig, this animal cannot be used for the detection of small amounts of the virus of that particular strain. For example, the limiting infective dilution of bovine strains is from ten to a thousandfold lower when determined by using guinea-pigs compared with cattle.en
dc.description.abstractFor the quantitative study of bovine strains of foot-and-mouth disease virus methods of titration using cattle have been evolved.en
dc.description.abstractThe most successful of these methods consists of the simultaneous inoculation of the bovine tongue with different dilutions of the virus suspension. The routine method of titration eventually adopted consists of the simultaneous inoculation of the tongues of two cattle with four dilutions using five inoculation sites on each tongue for each dilution, thus providing ten observations from two animals for each of four dilutions.en
dc.description.abstractThe end-point of such a titration is expressed as the theoretical dilution that should give an equal umber of positive and negative results when inoculated into the same host species under the same conditions, the fifty per cent. positive end-point.en
dc.description.abstractUsing two Devon steers, 1.5 to 2 years old, the estimated error of such a test is ± 0.34 of the logarithmic scale of the dilutions.en
dc.description.abstractA method is described of the graphical representation of the result of a titration experiment by plotting the dilutions on a logarithmic scale against the units of probability, or "probits".en
dc.description.abstractA brief report is given of unsuccessful attempts to improve the technique used in quantitative studies of foot-and-mouth disease virus.en
dc.description.abstractThe performing of these methods of titration using cattle is discussed in connection with the difficulty of obtaining susceptible animals in countries where the disease is endemic.en
dc.description.abstractThe mean fifty per cent. positive end-point of vesicle lymph of well-adapted guinea-pig strains titrated in guinea-pigs was found to be 10⁻⁶.²⁶.en
dc.description.abstractThe mean fifty per cent. positive end-points of bovine defibrinated blood, bovine vesicle epithelium and bovine vesicle lymph titrated in cattle were found to be 10⁻³.⁵, 10⁻⁶.⁷ and 10⁻⁷.⁸. respectively.en
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.ispartofAnnexe Thesis Digitisation Project 2019 Block 22en
dc.relation.isreferencedbyen
dc.titleThe quantitative study of foot-and-mouth disease virusen
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnameDSc Doctor of Scienceen


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