An attempt is made in this essay to correlate certain
of the commoner diseases of childhood with their environmental and economic background. Ten cases are considered in all.
Cases I - IV deal with certain aspects of Tuberculosis
in children, cases V and VI discuss upper respiratory tract
infections, VII arid VIII are devoted to Juvenile Rheumatism,
IX deals with Gastro- Enteritis and X with Nutritional Anaemia. All the cases have ';een admitted to R.H.S.C. Edinburgh in the last four months.
That such diseases really are a social problem is
evident when one considers the Registrar-General's figures for the period 1930 -32 in England and Wales. For this survey the population was divided into five social classes dependent on the occupation of the father.
Class I - higher ranks of business and professional life •
II - retail trades, clerks, teachers etc., farmers •
III, - skilled labour •
IV - Neither artisan nor wholly unskilled, farm
V - unskilled labour.
Though not exactly coextensive with into me groupings,
the association between class and income is nevertheless