Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMohsin, S. M.en
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-15T14:37:34Z
dc.date.available2019-02-15T14:37:34Z
dc.date.issued1948en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/35375
dc.description.abstracten
dc.description.abstractJe noted a striking contrast between the reliability and validity of personality questionnaires; their reliability has been consistently reported to be fairly high, but their validity has been generally found to be poor. We traced this divergence to the errors of self- estimate on which the questionnaire responses ordinarily depend. A tendency to make flattering and fictitious responses was found to have been frequently suggested in previous investigations.It was presumed to account for the errors of selfestimate.en
dc.description.abstractWe noted that the tendency to fake responses was not of necessity conscious and deliberate. It also seemed to influence a self -rater sometimes without his knowledge. This suggested the operation of some persistent factors of distortion which affect the questionnaire responses in a uniform manner and thus account for their high self -consistency.en
dc.description.abstractA survey of the allied literature suggested two probable factors of distortion: (1) Lack of insight or the capacity for self -knowledge; and (2) The need for conforming to the social standards of attitude and behaviour.en
dc.description.abstractWe failed to determine the nature of insight. We could, however, find indications of the correlates of insight from. previous work. Those generally indicated ere abstract intelligence, liability to projection. and sense of humour.en
dc.description.abstractWe have reiterated many times that our aim in this research was purely theoretical. The success of our endeavour can be judged from the fact that we have been able to isolate two persistent tendencies which are at work in lowering tie validity of personality questionnaires. We have been able to describe some of their characteristics also and give them a rough operational definition. We have also devised some tentative tests for measuring these tendencies,some of which have proved quite suitable. There is no doubt that they need reformulation and a thorough refinement. Nevertheless,they may serve as a useful starting point.en
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.ispartofAnnexe Thesis Digitisation Project 2019 Block 22en
dc.relation.isreferencedbyen
dc.titleFactors affecting the reliability of self-estimates in answering personality questionnairesen
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record