Dr Crichton Miller wrote that the conclusions of
the Dynamic Psychologists 'have often reaffirmed
those which the experience of mankind has long ago
evolved and treasured,' adding: 'It is undeniable
that analytical psychology repeats a good deal of the
wisdom of the nursery ... and it often follows with
slow feet to a goal which the insight of poets and
prophets reached at a bound'.
With slow feet, paths have been followed through
out this study, leading, in the end, to the reiteration
of a. statement, which many a mother might have made:
1. LET US WELCOME THE INTRODUCTION OF METHODS that appeal
to the 'child's active powers, to his capacities in
construction, production, and creation;
LET THE ACTIVITIES 'contribute to the welfare of the
LET THE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT use their own intelligence (as well as the knowledge they can gain from
books and observation) in building up Creed and
pattern for conduct;
LET THEM DO SOCIALLY VALUABLE, PRODUCTIVE WORK, and
so 'compensate' for any feeling of inferiority they
may have, and realise their natural goal in life --
to be a complete human being -- instead of suppressing their imaginative and constructive tendencies.
When It is asked, How are these methods to be introduced? the answer of the educationist is:
2. THE EDUCATOR MAY MANIPULATE TIC ENVIRONMENT; the child's freedom must be respected.
When a further question is presented, May not
the educator demand obedience? the reply is:
3. WHILE CARE SHOULD BE TAKEN TO SEE THAT THE CHILD
IS NOT DISCOURAGED AND ' BLOCKED ON ALL SIDES', YET
THE CHILD WILL HAVE, IN LIFE, TO SUBMIT (OR 'ADJUST
HIMSELF') TO SOCIETY, HIS PARTNER IN THE HOME, AND
THE ETERNAL: AND IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT HIS SUBMISSIVE INSTINCT SHOULD FUNCTION FROM EARLIEST INFANCY.
4. THE PARENT OR NURSE, HAS THREE METHODS OF ENFORCING
OBEDIENCE, AND WILL EMPLOY EACH IN ITS PROPER PLACE
AND TIME, viz., (i) PHYSICAL STRENGTH, (ii) 'CONDITIONING' , OR PUNISHMENT, OR NATURAL REWARDS, (III)
PUBLIC OPINION ('IT'S NOT DONE', &c.) . LATER,
THE CHIT fl' S INTELLIGENCE WILL HELP.
What of THE INSTINCTS?
5. THE PARENTS HAVE A CHANCE TO MANIPULATE THE CHILD'S
ENVIRONMENT SO THAT SOME MAY DEVELOP, SOME MAY. BE
INHIBITED BY DRAINAGE, AND SOME INHIBITED BY SELF - RESPECT, REASON, LOVE.
What of the CINEMA and LITERATURE that does not
conform to the highest moral standards?
6. IT IS DESIRABLE THAT HOME, SCHOOL, CHURCH, PRESS.,
BROADCAST, CINEMA, etc., should ALL SPEAK WITH ONE
VOICE, and THAT THERE SHOULD BE EXCLUDED FROM THE
CHILD' S ENVIRONMENT ALL THAT SPEAKS WITH A CONTRADICTORY VOICE, UNTIL THE CHILD REACHES YEARS OF
What of the child's company?
7. THE CHILD IS CHANGED BY THE COMPANY HE KEEPS:
HE IMITATES, RESPONDS TO SUGGESTION; IS 'SYMPATHETIC'
HE ' IMITATES' THE 'FEELINGS' OF OTHERS) : HE
OBEYS THE DICTATES OF THE COMMUNITY TO AN EXTENT
SELDOM APPRECIATED: CO-OPERATIVE WORK UNDER LEADERSHIP WILL APPEAL TO HIM AFTER HE IS ABOUT ELEVEN
YEARS OF AGE.
What of religion?
8. 'CERTAIN RELIGIOUS CONVICTIONS, NOT FOUNDED ON
REASON, ARE A NECESSITY OF LIFE FOR MANY PERSONS'
(Dr Jung); 'THE DEEPER PERSONAL NECESSITIES OF
MEN AND WOMEN, WHO FEEL, A SENSE OF INCOMPLETENESS
IN THE DEEPEST RECESSES OF PERSONALITY,' COMPEL
THEM TO REACH OUT 'TOWARDS SOME LARGER EXISTENCE'
(Mr Trotter); IT REMAINS FOR THE EDUCATOR TO ARRANGE
THE ENVIRONMENT SO THAT THE DEVELOPING CHILD MAY
COME TO FIND
'THAT PRACTICAL RELATIONSHIP with God, as revealed
by Jesus Christ, which enables the believer
to overcome even death itself;
THAT FELLOWSHIP WITH'HIM which gives happiness
THAT SATISFYING VIEW OF EXISTENCE as a whole,
THAT SPIRITUAL VALUATION of human life,
THAT MORAL IDEAL that towers above custom and
WHICH HAVE BEEN SEEN TO BE OF THE ESSENCE OF