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dc.contributor.advisorRobertson, Neil
dc.contributor.advisorLove, Jason
dc.contributor.authorOdling, Gylen
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-01T16:37:12Z
dc.date.available2019-03-01T16:37:12Z
dc.date.issued2019-07-01
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/35504
dc.description.abstractTiO2 based nanomaterials are currently the most widely studied for photocatalytic water purification. Despite high stability and low environmental impact, instances of water treatment applications using TiO2 photocatalysis are few due to modest activity only under high energy ultraviolet light. Another drawback is the nanoscale nature of such materials, posing a problem in the separation and re-use of the photocatalytic material. This work aims to overcome these problems by forming nanocomposites between TiO2 and other semiconductors with favourable properties such as visible light harvesting or improved charge separation, and to generate these materials immobilised upon macroscopic supports. Composites of bismuth titanate (BTO) and lanthanum vanadate (LVO) on TiO2 have been prepared immobilised on glass beads using a sequential ionic layer adsorption (SILAR) method. Modification of TiO2 with these wide band gap semiconductors gives little to no extension of the TiO2 absorption into the visible but allows for charge separation between the two materials due to off-set band energies. This improved charge separation and, in the case of BTO-TiO2, modest absorption extension is demonstrated to be effective for the photocatalytic degradation of a variety of different chemical pollutants and bacteria in water. An extensive photocatalytic scope using these materials is presented, in addition to re-use tests and mechanistic investigations. Attempts were made to narrow the band gap and as such harvest a greater portion of visible light by forming composites of BiOI and BiVO4 with TiO2 on glass slides using SILAR. Through electronic and optical characterisation methods these materials were shown to have both the off-set band alignment of the BTO and LVO composites, but with a narrower band gap. Using visible only light the BiOI and BiVO4 materials were applied to the degradation of dyes successfully, however only BiOI was found to have any activity against colourless 4CP. This difference was investigated using comparisons to a ZrO2 model system and was determined to arise from a sensitisation effect of the dye pollutant used. The use of two separate modifications to impart the charge separation and visible light harvesting was investigated. Chlorine doped TiO2 particles were deposited on the TiO2 surface, giving a visible active composite. It was found that this could be improved by the addition of a carbon coating process, allowing photogenerated charges to rapidly move apart and react. This composite was found to be highly stable, particularly under acidic conditions in contrast to the other materials developed. As such its activity was not only tested against the typical organic pollutants, but also for the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) under acidic conditions.en
dc.contributor.sponsorEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.hasversionWhy is Anatase a Better Photocatalyst than Rutile? The Importance of Free Hydroxyl Radicals G. Odling and N. Robertson, ChemSusChem, 2015, 8, 1838-1840 DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201500298en
dc.relation.hasversionBiVO4-TiO2 Composite Photocatalysts for Dye Degradation Formed Using the SILAR Method G. Odling and N. Robertson, ChemPhysChem, 2016, 17, 2872 – 2880 DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201600443en
dc.relation.hasversionSILAR BiOI-Sensitized TiO2 Films for Visible-Light Photocatalytic Degradation of Rhodamine B and 4-Chlorophenol G. Odling and N. Robertson, ChemPhysChem, 2017, 18, 728 – 735 DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201601417en
dc.relation.hasversionImproving Carbon-Coated TiO2 Films with a TiCl4 Treatment for Photocatalytic Water Purification G. Odling, A. Ivaturi, E. Chatzisymeon and N. Robertson, ChemCatChem, 2018, 10, 234 –243 DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201700867en
dc.relation.hasversionSequential ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) deposition of Bi4Ti3O12 on TiO2: an enhanced and stable photocatalytic system for water purification G. Odling, E. Chatzisymeon and N. Robertson, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2018, 8, 829- 839 DOI: 10.1039/C7CY02549Aen
dc.relation.hasversionBismuth titanate modified and immobilized TiO2 photocatalysts for water purification: broad pollutant scope, ease of re-use and mechanistic studies G. Odling, Z. Y. Pong, G. Gilfillan, C. R. Pulham and N. Robertson, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2018. DOI: 10.1039/c8ew00568ken
dc.subjecttitanium dioxideen
dc.subjectTiO2en
dc.subjectTiO2 photocatalysisen
dc.subjectphotocatalytic degradationen
dc.subjectimmobilised semiconductorsen
dc.titleImmobilised semiconductors for photocatalytic water purificationen
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen


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