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dc.contributor.advisorPickard, Catriona
dc.contributor.advisorRobin, Guillaume
dc.contributor.authorGeddes, George Frederick
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-09T08:55:03Z
dc.date.available2019-04-09T08:55:03Z
dc.date.issued2019-07-02
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/35622
dc.description.abstractThe archipelago of St Kilda has received more attention from writers than any other in Scotland. Its allure to the Scottish romantic ideal, coupled with its central importance in widely held notions of Scotland’s remote and noble past (and the unravelling impact of modernity) sets it apart as an archaeological landscape. Antiquarians and archaeologists have engaged with St Kilda since the 1850s but they have in general viewed the islands as the location of an isolated and unique culture, whose traditional way of life was reflected in a unique archaeology. The critical review presented here summarises a 10-year study of the islands, developed at first through fieldwork and desk-based research, and in particular through a suite of detailed case-studies produced between 2008 and 2016. This led to a realisation that much of the story of the islands was told through highly personal histories, while archaeology was, in general, failing to challenge historical narratives. That said, a small group of writers have in recent years began to dispute underlying assumptions about the islands, and rural settlement studies in general. The ideas of Chris Dalglish, Fraser Macdonald and Andrew Fleming in particular were of crucial importance to the development of a new critical approach supported and expanded here. Since joining the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) in 2009 I was able to develop a deeper understanding of Scottish field archaeology, and of the Commission’s surveys of St Kilda, providing a complimentary strand to research. I was able to bring to bear a new, more detailed and more critical view of St Kilda’s field archaeology (more than 1,500 sites) set within its wider context. My portfolio includes two papers that explore specific topics in some detail: in 2013 Dr Alice Watterson and I looked at the archaeological and historical evidence that describe St Kilda’s numerous cleitean. In 2015, Dr Kevin Grant and I dissected the complexity of the post-medieval landscape of St Kilda using an early map, landscape and building archaeology, and family history. These papers compliment St Kilda: the Last and Outmost Isle, published by Historic Environment Scotland (HES) in 2015, of which I was the primary author. This book goes to some length to set St Kilda in a wider context, ensuring that the notion of its remoteness and isolation is undermined by the presentation of a wide range of evidence. From the outset the book was designed to provide an authoritative and reliable assessment of the evidence, but it goes further in offering a thorough reassessment of key elements of St Kilda’s archaeology. This critical review of the work will seek to place my research within the context of studies of St Kilda, and comparative landscapes.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G and Watterson, A 2013 ‘A Prodigious Number of Little Cells’ – Cleitean and the St Kilda World Heritage Site, Architectural Heritage 24, 103–118;en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G and Grant, K 2015 The Plan and the Porcupine: dynamism and complexity on St Kilda, Landscapes 16 (2), 1–19;en
dc.relation.hasversionGannon, A and Geddes, G 2015 St Kilda: the Last and Outmost Isle, Edinburgh: Historic Environment Scotland.en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2006 Vernacular Buildings of the Outer Hebrides 300 BC–AD 1930: Temporal comparison using archaeological analysis, Internet Archaeology 19, https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.19.4en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2008 The Magazine and Gun Emplacement, St Kilda, a Conservation Statement. Unpublished report, NRHE: WP003151en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2009a Remote archaeological recording on Hirta, St Kilda Mail 33, 28–30en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2009b The Pier, St Kilda, a Conservation Statement. Unpublished report, NRHE: WP003548en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2009c The St Kilda Archaeologist’s Annual Report [2008]. Unpublished report, NRHE: WP004755en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2010a 'An enormous expense enclosing and dividing': Agricultural improvement in 18th century Bute, in Ritchie, A (ed), Historic Bute: Landscape and People, Edinburgh: Scottish Society for Northern Studiesen
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2010b Vernacular Parallels: Brochs and Blackhouses, Vernacular Architecture 41(1), 15–27en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2011a Calum Mòr’s House, Hirta, St Kilda, Conservation Statement. Unpublished report, NRHE: WP000657en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2011b The Amazon’s House, Hirta, St Kilda, Conservation Statement. Unpublished report, NRHE: WP000658en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2012 St Columba’s Roman Catholic Chapel and Presbytery, Miùghlaigh (1). Unpublished report, NRHE: WP003814en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2013a St Columba’s Roman Catholic Chapel and Presbytery, Miùghlaigh (2). Unpublished report, NRHE: WP003813en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2013b ‘Archaeology at the margins – RCAHMS emergency survey in the 1950s’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 143, 363–391en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2014 RCAHMS Archaeological Survey, North and South Uist, 2012–3, Edinburgh: RCAHMSen
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2016a The Storehouse, St Kilda, a Conservation Statement. Unpublished report, NRHE: WP004316en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F 2016b The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland, Angus Graham and Gordon Childe, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 146, 275–309en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F forthcoming (a) (expected 2019) Ultima Thule? Reconnecting St Kilda and Pabbay, Proceedings of the CHAT Conference 2016 on ‘Rurality’, Oxford: Archaeopressen
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F forthcoming (b) ‘St Kilda’s Archaeology and the Galapagos effect. Unpublished paper presented at the conference Uist: Island Archaeology in Focus, 2017en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F & Grant, K 2015 The Plan and the Porcupine, Dynamism and Complexity on St Kilda, Landscapes 16 (2), 1–19en
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F & Hale, A G, 2010. The Archaeological Landscape of Bute, Edinburgh: RCAHMSen
dc.relation.hasversionGeddes, G F & Watterson, A 2013 ‘A Prodigious Number of Little Cells’– Cleitean and the St Kilda World Heritage Site, Architectural Heritage 24, 103–18en
dc.subjectSt Kildaen
dc.subjectfieldworken
dc.subjectRCAHMSen
dc.subjectarchaeological landscapeen
dc.subjectcleiteanen
dc.titleLandscape archaeology of St Kildaen
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD(P) Doctor of Philosophy by Research Publicationsen


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