Study of Brasilia: from master plan to implementation
Zimbres, Paulo de Melo
This thesis examines the processes associated with the creation of Brasilia and appraises successes and failures of the implementation of the Master Plan for the new National Capital of Brasil.Chapter One deals with the intellectual background of the Brazilian architects who, from 1929 on, energetically put into practice the principles of the Modern Movement, as evolved by the "Congres Internationeaux d'Architecture Nodern" C.I.A.M.In 1956 President Juscelino Kubitscheck decided to undertake the enterprise of building Brasilia. This decision was the fulfilment of many years of preparation. The historical background of the creation of the new capital is examined in Chapter Two.Chapters Three and Four cover the competition for the Master Plan for Brasilia. An international panel of judges selected six out of twenty-six entries and appointed winner Lucio Costa's Pilot Plan, which was seen as the only one to combine, within a unity of artistic conception, the utilitarian and symbolic features inherent in a modern capital city.Chapter Five examines the first four years of realization of the plan and considers also aspects of the decision making and resources allocation which greatly influenced the development of the city.An unforeseen Brasilia has been developed throughout the years, comprising the planned city, the so-called 'Pilot Plan', and the satellite towns.. The ordering principle implied in Lucio Costa's Plan was also upset by the unpredicted community usage of the urban structure so far completed. Both the rise of the satellite towns and the deviations imposed on the planned area are examined in Chapters Six and Seven.Finally, in Chapter Eight an attempt is made to derive new insights from the observations.made in the previous passages, to infer new approaches to the problems of the embryo metropolis, and to indicate some areas where it is considered that further knowledge is required.