New scintillation hodoscope for CLAS12 and partial wave analysis of the channel γ p → p K⁺ K⁻
This thesis consists of two parts that have contributed to a new meson spectroscopy program, MesonEx, which is currently taking place in Hall B of the upgraded Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) in the USA. The first, hardware part, presents design, testing, construction and calibration of a fast-timing scintillation Hodoscope for a new Forward Tagger detector, that has been installed inside the upgraded CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS12) which is situated in the Hall B of JLab. The Forward Tagger is a key apparatus for measurement of quasi-real photoproduction of mesons in the MesonEx, and a necessary device for other new hadron spectroscopy programs. The second, software and analysis part, presents contributions to the general HAdron SPEctroscopy CenTre (HASPECT) analysis framework, that has been developed in preparation for the MesonEx data analysis. The software contribution consists of finalizing HASPECT simulation and analysis chains in a model-independent way, and developing a mass-independent partial wave analysis procedure. This procedure has been tested via analysis of the γ p → p K+ K- channel from the g11a CLAS data, in the photon energy range Eγ = 3:0 - 3:8 GeV and momentum transfer squared range -t = 0:6 - 0:7 (GeV/c2)2. The first result of this analysis is the differential cross section for the ϕ(1020) resonance photoproduction. This result has been compared with a previous analysis result, and a good agreement has validated the developed analysis procedure. Furthermore, S, P and D partial waves have been extracted from the data set, using the same procedure, and ambiguous solutions for these partial waves have been calculated, using the method of Barrelet zeros which is for the first time applied to photoproduction of the K+ and K- mesons on the proton. Distributions of the calculated solutions have been compared with the fit results. It is found that the physical solution contains contributions of the ϕ(1020) in the P-wave and the a2(1320) in the D-wave.