ClimateXChange is Scotland's centre of expertise on climate change. We provide a research, advice and analysis service to policy teams and associated public agencies. Funded by the Scottish Government.

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Recent Submissions

  • Industrial Strategy in Scotland: A review of cluster-based initiatives 

    Parker, Kyle; Winskel, Mark; Kerr, Niall (University of Edinburgh, 2021-09)
    Scotland’s low carbon transition is increasingly framed as an opportunity for the commercialisation of low carbon technologies, green economic growth and the creation of green jobs. This report considers historic efforts ...
  • Review of gas and electricity levies and their impact on low carbon heating uptake 

    Boorman, Adam; Lowrey, Craig; Goswell, Tom (Cornwall Insight, 2021-09)
    The research aims for the project were to investigate, set-out, and analyse low carbon levies. The report describes the current energy policy levies implemented by the UK government that consumers in Scotland face, sets ...
  • Monitoring soil health in Scotland by land use category – a scoping study 

    Neilson, Roy; Aitkenhead, Matt; Lilly, Allan; Loades, Kenneth (The James Hutton Institute, 2021-09)
    Monitoring of soil health in a changing climate is a priority issue for Scottish Government. In 2020, CXC published a baseline report that pulled together existing research on the vulnerability of Scottish soils to climate ...
  • Drought risk in Scottish forests 

    Locatelli, Tom; Beauchamp, Kate; Perks, Mike; Xenakis, Georgios; Nicoll, Bruce; Morison, James (Forest Research, 2021-09)
    Drought, as a significant risk to Scottish forests, is likely to be exacerbated by the changing climate. In light of increased drought events in recent years, we were asked to review the available evidence, and report on ...
  • Improving the Market Benefits for Lower-Carbon Industrial Production in Scotland 

    Wilson, Cavin; Katz, Alex; Bell, Matthew; Plastow, Grace; Purcell, Mark (Frontier Economics, 2021-09)
    This report investigates the potential for demand-side policy interventions to incentivise the decarbonisation of Scotland’s energy-intensive industries (EII). It provides an overview of the evidence relating to the design ...
  • Measuring recovery from extreme weather events 

    Orr, Paula; Morse-Jones, Sian; Jones, Rebecca; White, Christopher; Mannix, Nick (Collingwood Environmental Planning, 2021-09)
    A lack of national targets and data to measure recovery from extreme and/or repeated climate-related events has been identified as an area of ‘high concern’ in the Climate Change Committee’s (CCC) assessments of the Scottish ...
  • Evidence review for hydrogen for heat in buildings 

    Castek, Robert; Harkin, Stephen (Delta-EE, 2021-09)
    This project was commissioned to help build a clear evidence base, using existing literature, relating to all aspects of the use of hydrogen to heat buildings including supporting infrastructure and costs. Lessons gained ...
  • Emissions impact of home working in Scotland 

    Riley, Richard; Duffy, Alistair; Foster, Sam; Bosredon, Melanie; Simmonds, David (Element Energy, 2021-08)
    Working from home leads to a reduction in commuting and office emissions, and an increase in home emissions from heating. How these emission changes balance out for an individual defines their emissions impact from home ...
  • Behaviour change and attitudes in the Scottish agricultural sector – a rapid evidence assessment 

    Thompson, Bethan; Morrison, Rosanna; Stephen, Kate; Eory, Veronika; Ferreira, Joana; Vigors, Belinda; Botero Degiovanni, Hernan; Barnes, Andrew; Toma, Luiza (SRUC, 2021-08)
    The Scottish Government is committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture as part of Scotland’s target to reach net-zero emissions by 2045. To meet this very challenging target, the sector and ...
  • Last mile delivery in Scotland 

    Worthy, Fergus (Cenex, 2021-08)
    This research sets out to: develop a profile of last mile delivery in Scotland; estimate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from these deliveries; understand what activities are underway in other jurisdictions to reduce ...
  • Understanding carbon sequestration in upland habitats 

    Baggaley, N; Britton, A; Barnes, A; Buckingham, S; Holland, J; Lilly, A; Pakeman, R; Rees, R; Taylor, A; Yeluripati, J (The James Hutton Institute, 2021-07)
    This project set out to review the current state of knowledge on the potential for carbon sequestration in key Scottish upland open habitats. Upland soils play a vital role in regulating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in ...
  • Energy technology phase-out: Using international analogues to inform ‘net zero’ heat decarbonisation policy 

    Kerr, Niall; Winskel, Mark (2021-07)
    The phasing-out of fossil fuel heating and the transition to low carbon heating is in some ways unprecedented. It is characterised by urgency, given the critical importance of the heat sector in achieving Scottish and UK ...
  • Deer in a changing climate – how do wild deer affect carbon sequestration in Scottish woodlands? 

    Hirst, Christopher (University of Edinburgh, 2021-06)
    The Scottish Government is investing significant resources into expanding Scotland’s woodland cover in order to increase carbon sequestration and mitigate climate change. Wild animals are rarely considered in carbon storage ...
  • Heat pump use: an evidence review 

    Burns, Freya; Strachan, Stephen; Clark, Tessa (Changeworks, 2021-06)
    Heat pumps are a proven technology and in some markets such as Sweden, the technology is relatively mature. However, there is limited Scottish-specific evidence on technical performance and efficiencies, as well as on the ...
  • Understanding the experiences of peatland restoration in Scotland 

    Novo, Paula; Sposato, Matteo; Maynard, Carly; Glenk, Klaus (Scotland’s Rural College, 2021-06)
    Scotland is a global pioneer of peatland restoration which is widely seen as having a significant role in addressing the global climate emergency. Peatlands cover nearly a quarter of Scotland and contain over half of the ...
  • Peatland restoration and potential emissions savings on agricultural land: an evidence assessment 

    Aitkenhead, Matt; Castellazzi, Marie; McKeen, Margaret; Hare, Matt; Artz, Rebekka; Reed, Mark (The James Hutton Institute, 2021-06)
    Peatland restoration has a significant role in tackling the global climate emergency and helping Scotland meet its ambitious climate change targets. Globally, peatlands are the largest natural terrestrial carbon store, ...
  • Understanding the barriers to uptake of Property Flood Resilience (PFR) in Scotland 

    Glencross, Kate; Warren, Rachel; Eunson, Jane; Ansons, Tamara (Ipsos MORI, 2021-06)
    This research supports efforts to increase the uptake of Property Flood Resilience (PFR) measures in Scotland by: 1. exploring the reasons why people do not install PFR measures, using in-depth interviews with home and ...
  • Costs of zero emissions heating in new build 

    Bush, Ruth; Angelidis, Orestis; Bates, Austen; Van Duivenbode, Ian; MacRae, William David; Milligan, Guy; Smith, Connor; Lane, Matthew; van der Horst, Dan (Ramboll, 2021-06)
    This report looks at the costs of delivering zero emissions heating in domestic andnon-domestic new buildings. It identifies the factors that influence these costs and how they are split between different actors, including ...
  • International practice on assessing investment needs and securing investment to adapt 

    Trewhella, Steven; Wilson, Nicola; Pyatt, Nick; Reeder, Tim (Rivelin Bridge, 2021-03)
    At a national and international scale the policy environment related to assessing investment needs and securing investment to adapt to climate change is fast moving, cross-cutting and emergent. Flood risk management in ...
  • The potential of Heat as a service as a route to decarbonisation for Scotland 

    Fleck, Rowanne; Annam, Amal; Hunt, Edmund; Lipson, Matt (Energy Systems Catapult, 2021-03)
    To reach its target of net-zero carbon emissions by 2045, Scotland needs to decarbonise heat and improve the energy efficiency of its buildings. This evidence review examines the potential of Heat as a Service (HaaS) to ...

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