ClimateXChange is Scotland's centre of expertise on climate change. We provide a research, advice and analysis service to policy teams and associated public agencies. Funded by the Scottish Government.

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Recent Submissions

  • International practice on assessing investment needs and securing investment to adapt 

    Trewhella, Steven; Wilson, Nicola; Pyatt, Nick; Reeder, Tim (Rivelin Bridge, 2021-03)
    At a national and international scale the policy environment related to assessing investment needs and securing investment to adapt to climate change is fast moving, cross-cutting and emergent. Flood risk management in ...
  • The potential of Heat as a Service as a route to decarbonisation for Scotland 

    Fleck, Rowanne; Annam, Amal; Hunt, Edmund; Lipson, Matt (Energy Systems Catapult, 2021-03)
    To reach its target of net-zero carbon emissions by 2045, Scotland needs to decarbonise heat and improve the energy efficiency of its buildings. This evidence review examines the potential of Heat as a Service (HaaS) to ...
  • 20 Minute Neighbourhoods in a Scottish Context 

    O’ Gorman, Stefanie; Dillon-Robinson, Rebecca (Ramboll, 2021-03)
    The Programme for Government 2020 commits the Scottish Government to working with local government and other partners to take forward ambitions for 20 minute neighbourhoods: Places that are designed so residents have the ...
  • Communicating on climate change after COVID-19 

    Pinkard, John; Howick, Matt; Morton, Calum; Cuthbert, Mark; Fraser, Louise (JRS, 2021-03)
    This research was commissioned by ClimateXChange, on behalf of the Scottish Government, as part of a range of work to further develop Scottish Government public engagement activity on climate change. The aim of the work ...
  • A Review of Heat Decarbonisation Policies in Europe 

    Kerr, Niall; Winskel, Mark (University of Edinburgh, 2021-02)
    European countries vary greatly in terms of how residential buildings are heated. These differences, built up over decades, reflect particular national resource endowments, economic resources and technical infrastructures. ...
  • Review of the Scottish TIMES energy system model 

    Dodds, Paul (University College London, 2021-02)
    The Scottish TIMES model has provided influential evidence to inform Scottish Government climate policy in recent years. This report presents the findings of a technical review of the Scottish TIMES model. This comprised ...
  • Delivering social care in a changing climate 

    Young, Shelagh; Bergseng, Anne Marte (University of Edinburgh, 2021-01)
    Weather disruption is a ‘system stressor’ that is projected to increase in the coming decades as the global climate changes. The UK Climate Change Risk Assessment has identified climate change as one of the greatest risks ...
  • COVID-19, travel behaviours and business recovery in Scotland: a survey of employers to understand their attitudes 

    McGinley, Melissa; James, Nick; Howell, Rachel (Land Use Consultants and University of Edinburgh, 2021-02)
    The report provides a snapshot of employers’ experience of their staff working from home / flexible working, business travel and commuting before the COVID-19 pandemic, during the lockdown in March-June 2020, and in the ...
  • Identifying the economic impact from ULEV uptake 

    Stenning, Jon; Pirie, Jamie; Babbar, Sachin; Cluzel, Celine; Riley, Richard (Cambridge Econometrics and Element Energy, 2021-01)
    The transport sector presents the biggest challenge to decarbonisation, with emissions increasing each year since 2010. In 2016, transport (including aviation and shipping) contributed 37% of Scotland’s total greenhouse ...
  • The potential for leguminous crops in Scotland 

    Wiltshire, Jeremy; Freeman, Dave; Willcocks, Jessie; Wood, Caroline (Ricardo Energy & Environment, 2021-01)
    The Scottish Government is committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture as part of its pledge to achieve net-zero emissions in Scotland by 2045. In 2018, agriculture accounted for 18% of Scotland’s ...
  • Operating a zero-carbon GB power system: implications for Scotland 

    Nedd, Marcel; Browell, Jethro; Egea-Alvarez, Agusti; Bell, Keith; Hamilton, Robert; Wang, Shuren; Brush, Susan (University of Strathclyde, 2020-12)
    In recent history, the British electricity sector landscape has changed as more renewables, particularly solar and wind, are connected to the power system. Since 2004, electricity generated from renewables in the UK has ...
  • Marginal abatement cost curve for Scottish agriculture 

    Eory, Vera; Topp, Kairsty; Rees, Bob; Leinonen, Illka; Maire, Juliette (Scotland’s Rural College, 2020-12)
    Scotland is committed to meeting a net-zero target for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2045 (Climate Change (Emissions Reduction Targets) (Scotland) Act 2019)). Agriculture and the land use sector can help in two ways: ...
  • Review of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in SEA and EIA Processes 

    Underwood, Susanne; Wright, Joanna; Mallon, Lauren; Kaczor, Karolina (Land Use Consultants, 2021-01)
    The implementation of the Climate Change (Emissions Reduction Targets) (Scotland) Act 2019 has set a new climate change target for reducing emissions that aims to bring Scotland’s emissions to net-zero by 2045. Achieving ...
  • Evidence Review: Perennial Energy Crops and their Potential in Scotland 

    Martin, Gareth; Ingvorsen, Leo; Willcocks, Jessie; Wiltshire, Jeremy; Bates, Judith; Jenkins, Becky; Priestley, Tom; McKay, Helen; Croxten, Steve (Ricardo Energy & Environment, 2020-12)
    The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) have identified that under net zero emissions scenarios, bioenergy supplied in the UK could reach 200TWh (with 170TWh of this sourced from the UK) by 2050. The CCC considered that ...
  • Promoting project progression: Creating a pipeline for industrial decarbonisation in Scotland 

    Durusut, Emrah; Assem, Dina; Simon, Richard; Garcia-Calvo Conde, Enrique (Element Energy, 2020-12)
    Scotland's commitment to achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045, will require the decarbonisation of all sectors, including industry. The Scottish Government is working to create the right conditions to support ...
  • Changes to the energy landscape and potential impact on Scotland's consumers 

    Snodin, Helen (CAG Consultants, 2020-12)
    This review – completed in 2019 - examines how the energy landscape is changing and how this will impact on, and alter, the consumer experience – both positively and negatively. Its primary purpose is to inform the development ...
  • Domestic energy consumer types: review of existing segmentation approaches 

    Maiden, Tim; Jones, Emma; Bridgeman, Toby (CAG Consultants, 2020-12)
    This report sets out a review of existing approaches to the segmentation of energy consumers in Great Britain in order to understand the extent to which these are useful in the Scottish context
  • Understanding the impact of changes in the energy policy landscape: a summary 

    Snodin, Helen; Bridgeman, Toby (CAG Consultants, 2020-12)
    The Scottish Energy Strategy aims to strengthen the development of local energy, protect and empower consumers, and support Scotland’s climate change ambitions while tackling poor energy provision. One of the priorities ...
  • Changes to the energy policy landscape and potential impacts on Scotland's consumers: distributional impact modelling 

    Bridgeman, Toby (Centre for Sustainable Energy, 2020-12)
    This study looks at the consumer impacts of future changes in the energy landscape. It builds on work mapping out these changes and reviewing the literature on consumer impacts – both positive and negative. We have modelled ...
  • Domestic energy consumer archetypes: Segmentation profiles 

    Snodin, Helen; Bridgeman, Toby (Centre for Sustainable Energy, 2020-12)
    This report presents eight Scottish energy consumer archetypes. They have been developed following an extensive review of existing segmentation approaches and consultation with stakeholders.

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