ClimateXChange is Scotland's centre of expertise on climate change. We provide a research, advice and analysis service to policy teams and associated public agencies. Funded by the Scottish Government.

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Recent Submissions

  • Scottish whole energy system scenarios 

    Thirkill, Adam; Milne, Scott; McKinnon, Stuart (Energy Systems Catapult, 2022-05)
    This research sets out a set of Scotland-specific whole energy system scenarios. These scenarios demonstrate three qualitatively different routes for Scotland to meet its emissions reduction targets, allowing different ...
  • Comparing Scottish bioenergy supply and demand in the context of Net-Zero targets 

    Meek, David; Jenevezian, Amber; Leishman, Robbie; Odeh, Naser; Bates, Judith (Ricardo Energy & Environment, 2022-05)
    This report updates estimates of Scotland’s domestic bioenergy supply, analyses demand for bioenergy in published net zero pathways, and assesses the scale of Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage that could support ...
  • Land Use Partnerships using a Natural Capital Approach: Lessons for Scotland 

    Reed, Mark; Waylen, Kerry; Glass, Jayne; Glendinning, James; McMorran, Rob; Peskett, Leo; Rudman, Hannah; Stevens, Brady; Williams, Abigail (Scotland’s Rural College, 2022-05)
    Regional Land Use Partnerships (RLUPs) are being set up in Scotland to help achieve Scotland’s climate change targets through land use change and a natural capital approach[1]. These partnerships facilitate engagement ...
  • The Land Capability for Agriculture: building a tool to enable climate change assessments 

    Udugbezi, Emmanue; Rivington, Mike; Lilly, Allan; Nolan, Andrew; Wardell-Johnson, Doug (The James Hutton Institute, 2022-05)
    The Land Capability for Agriculture (LCA) classification for Scotland has been used since the 1980’s to inform decision-making on land use management, planning and valuation. The risks and opportunities posed by climate ...
  • Greenhouse gas emissions from Scottish farming: an exploratory analysis of the Scottish Farm Business Survey and Agrecalc 

    Barnes, Andrew; Bevan, Kev; Moxey, Andrew; Grierson, Sascha; Toma, Luiza (Scotland’s Rural College, 2022-05)
    The Scottish Government has set ambitious targets for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from Scottish agriculture; in 2018 these emissions represented 16% of the nation’s total. As part of a commitment to reach ...
  • Tidal Flooding on the Clyde Options Analysis and Scoping of Adaptation Pathways 

    Trewhella, Steven; Wilson, Nicola; Roberts, Helen; Kuijk, Pippa van; Zirpolo, Alex (Rivelin Bridge, 2022-04)
    Adaptation pathways is a decision-making tool employed to adapt to climate change and the inherent uncertainties of future risk. This research sets-out to explore the evidence base to help design and apply adaptation ...
  • Review of climate vulnerability assessment of Scotland’s marine environment and marine economy 

    Winne, Sarah; Pritchard, Adam; Kennedy, Simon; O’Gorman, Stefanie (Ramboll Management Consulting, 2022-04)
    The impacts of climate change on Scotland’s seas are expected to become more frequent and severe over the coming decades. This research reviews climate vulnerability assessments (CVAs) of natural and socio-economic marine ...
  • Assessing greenhouse gas emissions from Scotland’s fishing fleet 

    Metz, Sébastien; Paredes, Carlos; Motova, Arina (Seafish, 2022-04)
    This report assesses the current greenhouse gas emissions from different vessel types within Scotland’s fishing fleet.
  • The role and impact of innovation agencies: an international review 

    Parker, Kyle; Winskel, Mark; Kerr, Niall (University of Edinburgh, 2022-04)
    This report presents an overview of the scholarly literature and case study data regarding the role and deisng of public sector agencies in accelerating technological innovation.
  • Cost reduction pathways of green hydrogen production in Scotland 

    Dawkins, James; Ash, Nick; Suvendiran, Kitty (Ove Arup & Partners Ltd, 2022-04)
    This report explores the costs of producing green hydrogen in Scotland, including how the production cost and the supply chain could develop to 2045.
  • Understanding the impacts of emission trading systems and carbon border adjustment mechanisms on Scottish business 

    Lavric, Lucia; Woods, Duncan; Johnson, Mark; Budaragina, Marianna; Jones-Morris, Catherine; Colonna, Francesco (Ricardo Energy and Environment, 2022-04)
    This report develops an approach to assess the impacts of Emission Trading Systems and Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanisms on Scottish business.
  • Building-level energy storage: reducing consumer bills to deliver zero-emissions heat 

    Burns, Freya; Strachan, Stephen; Dunne, Hannah; McGuinnity, Peter (Changeworks, 2022-01)
    This report examines the extent to which building-level energy storage technologies could help to reduce household energy costs when installed alongside zero-carbon heat technologies. The report presents results from a ...
  • Green Building Passports: a review for Scotland 

    Small-Warner, Katie; Sinclair, Colin (Building Research Establishment Limited, 2022-03)
    This report provides policy makers with an understanding of the purpose, structure and use of Green Building Passports (GBPs), along with the main barriers and opportunities when considering their possible introduction in ...
  • Public awareness of climate risks and opportunities in Scotland 

    Millar, Catriona; Mulholland, Ciaran; Corner, Adam (Ipsos, 2022-03)
    This study explores the Scottish public’s understanding of current and future risks and opportunities posed by a changing climate. Having a better understanding of the public’s awareness of the risks of climate change will ...
  • Expanding Scottish energy data - heat 

    Kelly, Michael; Georgiev, Martin; Murray, Calum (Ricardo Energy & Environment, 2022-03)
    This report was commissioned to develop new and improved methodologies for collecting and assessing energy data in Scotland in three areas: • Weather correcting heat demand: developing a method to weather correct non-gas ...
  • Expanding Scottish energy data – electricity demand 

    Kelly, Michael; Georgiev, Martin; Murray, Calum (Ricardo Energy & Environment, 2022-03)
    This report was commissioned to develop new and improved methodologies for collecting and assessing energy data in Scotland in three areas: • Electricity use in properties – Development of a methodology to determine an ...
  • The potential for an agroecological approach in Scotland: policy brief 

    Cole, Lorna J; Holland, John P; Eory, Vera; Karley, Alison J; Hawes, Cathy; Walker, Robin L; Watson, Christine A (Scotland’s Rural College, 2022-03)
    Agroecology is receiving increasing attention for its potential to reconcile environmental, sustainability and food production goals, through restoring the health of agricultural ecosystems and increasing the resilience ...
  • Soil Governance in Scotland - Mapping the Institutional Architecture - update 

    Roberts, Michaela; Rees, Natalie (James Hutton Institute, 2022-03)
    Sustainable management and protection of soils is a priority for Scotland. Soils are a valuable but vulnerable natural asset and underpin environmental, economic, and social functions. The importance of soils is mirrored ...
  • International Climate Justice, Conflict and Gender – Scoping study 

    Duncanson, Claire; Bastick, Megan; Funnemark, Anne (University of Edinburgh, 2022-02)
    Climate change, conflict and gender are mutually reinforcing dynamics that interact to destroy lives and livelihoods, especially for the most disadvantaged. From an analysis of Scottish Government work to date, and best ...
  • Implementing Scotland’s landfill ban 

    Stevens, Jack; Espinosa, Rachel; Prasad, Adi (Ricardo Energy & Environment, 2022-02)
    The Scottish Government has committed to end the practice of landfilling biodegradable municipal waste (BMW) by 2025 and to extending the forthcoming ban on disposing of BMW to landfill to include biodegradable non-municipal ...

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