ClimateXChange is Scotland's centre of expertise on climate change. We provide a research, advice and analysis service to policy teams and associated public agencies. Funded by the Scottish Government.

Recent Submissions

  • Mapping of district heating feasibility studies in Scotland 

    Sinclair, Colin; Unkaya, Gozde; Jennings, Tom (Building Research Establishment, 2020-11)
    This study presents research conducted by the Building Research Establishment (BRE) to collect, analyse and map data relating to previous district heating (DH) feasibility studies in Scotland. DH feasibility study data, ...
  • Air and energy accounts for Scotland 

    Kelsall, Alex; Lelland, Andrew; Pearson, Ben; Thistlethwaite, Glen (Ricardo Energy & Environment, 2020-11)
    This report details a study to produce a set of ‘air and energy accounts’ for Scotland for all years from 1998 to 2018, equivalent to ONS UK Environmental Accounts1 tables on Emissions and Energy. The study has been ...
  • Climate Change Engagement – Assessing the Impacts of the Climate Challenge Fund 

    Irvine, Katherine; Msika, Joshua; Dinnie, Elizabeth; Craig, Tony; Fischer, Anke; Hague, Alice; Rajagopalan, Daksha; Roberts, Michaela; Wilson, Ruth (The James Hutton Institute, 2020-11)
    The Scottish Government established the Climate Challenge Fund (CCF) in 2008 to help local communities in the transition to a low-carbon society. The fund supports community-led projects which lead to reductions in carbon ...
  • Potential sources of waste heat for heat networks in Scotland 

    Sinclair, Colin; Unkaya, Gozde (Building Research Establishment Limited, 2020-11)
    Scotland has committed to achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045. Heat is at the core of Scotland’s energy system, accounting for approximately 50% of the energy consumed by homes and businesses, making it the ...
  • Public awareness of and attitudes to low-carbon heating technologies: an evidence review 

    Caiger-Smith, Danica; Anaam, Amal (Catapult Energy Systems, 2020-10)
    The Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2019 commits Scotland to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to net zero of the 1990 baseline by 2045. Emissions from buildings account for around 20% of Scotland’s greenhouse gas ...
  • Good practice principles for grid-scale battery storage 

    Gardner, Paul; Coates, Sally; Stevenson, Nathalie; Barnes, Zoe; Jones, Felicity (Everoze Partners Ltd, 2020-09)
    This report provides an evidence base to inform Scottish policy in relation to the role that grid-scale battery storage could play in providing a resilient, affordable electricity network. In line with Scotland’s Energy ...
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Infrastructure Investment Decisions 

    Brander, Matthew; Jackson, David (University of Edinburgh, 2020-09)
    The Scottish Parliament has committed to achieving net-zero territorial emissions by 2045, as set by the Climate Change (Emissions Reduction Targets) (Scotland) Act 2019. Designing and delivering appropriate infrastructure ...
  • Measuring the vulnerability of Scottish soils to a changing climate 

    Neilson, Roy; Lilly, Alan; Aitkenhead, Matt; Artz, Rebekka; Baggaley, Nikki; Giles, M.E.; Holland, J; Loades, K; Ovando Pol, P; Rivington, M; Roberts, M; Yeluripati, J (The James Hutton Institute, 2020-09)
    The second Scottish Climate Change Adaptation Programme (SCCAP) identifies soil health as a priority research area to support sustainable soil management and ecosystem services. This follows concerns over a perceived lack ...
  • Understanding and engaging the public on climate change 

    Mulholland, Ciaran; Pollok, Maggie; Townend, Ruth; Black, Carolyn; Gray, Emily (Ipsos MORI, 2020-08)
    This report was commissioned by ClimateXChange for the Scottish Government as part of developing a new Public Engagement Strategy for climate change. At the core of this work is the need to understand public attitudes to ...
  • Analysis of Land Suitability for Woodland Expansion in Scotland: update 2020 

    Sing, Louise; Aitkenhead, Matt (Forest Research, 2020-07)
    The Scottish Government has a statutory commitment to achieve ‘Net Zero’ greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by 2045. One land use change that will help to meet this target is to increase woodland planting, and the Climate ...
  • Property Flood Resilience - Scottish Baseline study 

    Pettit, Angus; Kerr, Heather (JBA Consulting, 2020-06)
    This research provides an up-to-date baseline assessment of the potential for Property Flood Resilience (PFR) across Scotland. The findings will support the Scottish Government and its partners in the Property Flood ...
  • establishing a manure-slurry exchange in Scotland: a feasibility study 

    Freeman, Dave (2020-06)
    Agriculture and associated land use account for 24% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Scotland, with methane the most significant proportion of this at 44%. Methane comes from enteric fermentation and from manures. The ...
  • Evidence review of the efficacy of nitrification and urease inhibitors 

    Freeman, Dave (2020-06-15)
    This report reviews current knowledge and considers the potential for nitrogen and urease inhibitors to support greenhouse gas emission reductions in Scotland, considering Scottish circumstances and conditions, such as ...
  • Diversifying conifers in productive forests: stakeholders’ perspectives 

    Lawrence, Anna (ClimateXChange, 2020-04)
    Commercial forestry has in recent decades become highly dependent on a small number of conifer species, particularly Sitka spruce. Adaptation and resilience of productive forestry is affected by risks from climate change ...
  • Rapid Evidence Assessment of the Alternatives to Horticultural Peat in Scotland 

    Litterick, Audrey; Bell, Julian; Sellars, Anna; Carfrae, Jennifer (ClimateXChange, 2020-02)
    The Scottish Government has a commitment to restore Scotland’s peatlands. An element of this is to phase out the use of peat in horticulture. This Rapid Evidence Assessment looks at the current state of knowledge on the ...