ClimateXChange is Scotland's centre of expertise on climate change. We provide a research, advice and analysis service to policy teams and associated public agencies. Funded by the Scottish Government.

Recent Submissions

  • Understanding carbon sequestration in upland habitats 

    Baggaley, N; Britton, A; Barnes, A; Buckingham, S; Holland, J; Lilly, A; Pakeman, R; Rees, R; Taylor, A; Yeluripati, J (The James Hutton Institute, 2021-07)
    This project set out to review the current state of knowledge on the potential for carbon sequestration in key Scottish upland open habitats. Upland soils play a vital role in regulating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in ...
  • Energy technology phase-out: Using international analogues to inform ‘net zero’ heat decarbonisation policy 

    Kerr, Niall; Winskel, Mark (2021-07)
    The phasing-out of fossil fuel heating and the transition to low carbon heating is in some ways unprecedented. It is characterised by urgency, given the critical importance of the heat sector in achieving Scottish and UK ...
  • Deer in a changing climate – how do wild deer affect carbon sequestration in Scottish woodlands? 

    Hirst, Christopher (University of Edinburgh, 2021-06)
    The Scottish Government is investing significant resources into expanding Scotland’s woodland cover in order to increase carbon sequestration and mitigate climate change. Wild animals are rarely considered in carbon storage ...
  • Heat pump use: an evidence review 

    Burns, Freya; Strachan, Stephen; Clark, Tessa (Changeworks, 2021-06)
    Heat pumps are a proven technology and in some markets such as Sweden, the technology is relatively mature. However, there is limited Scottish-specific evidence on technical performance and efficiencies, as well as on the ...
  • Understanding the experiences of peatland restoration in Scotland 

    Novo, Paula; Sposato, Matteo; Maynard, Carly; Glenk, Klaus (Scotland’s Rural College, 2021-06)
    Scotland is a global pioneer of peatland restoration which is widely seen as having a significant role in addressing the global climate emergency. Peatlands cover nearly a quarter of Scotland and contain over half of the ...
  • Peatland restoration and potential emissions savings on agricultural land: an evidence assessment 

    Aitkenhead, Matt; Castellazzi, Marie; McKeen, Margaret; Hare, Matt; Artz, Rebekka; Reed, Mark (The James Hutton Institute, 2021-06)
    Peatland restoration has a significant role in tackling the global climate emergency and helping Scotland meet its ambitious climate change targets. Globally, peatlands are the largest natural terrestrial carbon store, ...
  • Understanding the barriers to uptake of Property Flood Resilience (PFR) in Scotland 

    Glencross, Kate; Warren, Rachel; Eunson, Jane; Ansons, Tamara (Ipsos MORI, 2021-06)
    This research supports efforts to increase the uptake of Property Flood Resilience (PFR) measures in Scotland by: 1. exploring the reasons why people do not install PFR measures, using in-depth interviews with home and ...
  • Costs of zero emissions heating in new build 

    Bush, Ruth; Angelidis, Orestis; Bates, Austen; Van Duivenbode, Ian; MacRae, William David; Milligan, Guy; Smith, Connor; Lane, Matthew; van der Horst, Dan (Ramboll, 2021-06)
    This report looks at the costs of delivering zero emissions heating in domestic andnon-domestic new buildings. It identifies the factors that influence these costs and how they are split between different actors, including ...
  • International practice on assessing investment needs and securing investment to adapt 

    Trewhella, Steven; Wilson, Nicola; Pyatt, Nick; Reeder, Tim (Rivelin Bridge, 2021-03)
    At a national and international scale the policy environment related to assessing investment needs and securing investment to adapt to climate change is fast moving, cross-cutting and emergent. Flood risk management in ...
  • The potential of Heat as a service as a route to decarbonisation for Scotland 

    Fleck, Rowanne; Annam, Amal; Hunt, Edmund; Lipson, Matt (Energy Systems Catapult, 2021-03)
    To reach its target of net-zero carbon emissions by 2045, Scotland needs to decarbonise heat and improve the energy efficiency of its buildings. This evidence review examines the potential of Heat as a Service (HaaS) to ...
  • 20 Minute Neighbourhoods in a Scottish Context 

    O’ Gorman, Stefanie; Dillon-Robinson, Rebecca (Ramboll, 2021-03)
    The Programme for Government 2020 commits the Scottish Government to working with local government and other partners to take forward ambitions for 20 minute neighbourhoods: Places that are designed so residents have the ...
  • Communicating on climate change after COVID-19 

    Pinkard, John; Howick, Matt; Morton, Calum; Cuthbert, Mark; Fraser, Louise (JRS, 2021-03)
    This research was commissioned by ClimateXChange, on behalf of the Scottish Government, as part of a range of work to further develop Scottish Government public engagement activity on climate change. The aim of the work ...
  • A Review of Heat Decarbonisation Policies in Europe 

    Kerr, Niall; Winskel, Mark (University of Edinburgh, 2021-02)
    European countries vary greatly in terms of how residential buildings are heated. These differences, built up over decades, reflect particular national resource endowments, economic resources and technical infrastructures. ...
  • Review of the Scottish TIMES energy system model 

    Dodds, Paul (University College London, 2021-02)
    The Scottish TIMES model has provided influential evidence to inform Scottish Government climate policy in recent years. This report presents the findings of a technical review of the Scottish TIMES model. This comprised ...
  • Delivering social care in a changing climate 

    Young, Shelagh; Bergseng, Anne Marte (University of Edinburgh, 2021-01)
    Weather disruption is a ‘system stressor’ that is projected to increase in the coming decades as the global climate changes. The UK Climate Change Risk Assessment has identified climate change as one of the greatest risks ...
  • COVID-19, travel behaviours and business recovery in Scotland: a survey of employers to understand their attitudes 

    McGinley, Melissa; James, Nick; Howell, Rachel (Land Use Consultants and University of Edinburgh, 2021-02)
    The report provides a snapshot of employers’ experience of their staff working from home / flexible working, business travel and commuting before the COVID-19 pandemic, during the lockdown in March-June 2020, and in the ...
  • Identifying the economic impact from ULEV uptake 

    Stenning, Jon; Pirie, Jamie; Babbar, Sachin; Cluzel, Celine; Riley, Richard (Cambridge Econometrics and Element Energy, 2021-01)
    The transport sector presents the biggest challenge to decarbonisation, with emissions increasing each year since 2010. In 2016, transport (including aviation and shipping) contributed 37% of Scotland’s total greenhouse ...
  • The potential for leguminous crops in Scotland 

    Wiltshire, Jeremy; Freeman, Dave; Willcocks, Jessie; Wood, Caroline (Ricardo Energy & Environment, 2021-01)
    The Scottish Government is committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture as part of its pledge to achieve net-zero emissions in Scotland by 2045. In 2018, agriculture accounted for 18% of Scotland’s ...
  • Operating a zero-carbon GB power system: implications for Scotland 

    Nedd, Marcel; Browell, Jethro; Egea-Alvarez, Agusti; Bell, Keith; Hamilton, Robert; Wang, Shuren; Brush, Susan (University of Strathclyde, 2020-12)
    In recent history, the British electricity sector landscape has changed as more renewables, particularly solar and wind, are connected to the power system. Since 2004, electricity generated from renewables in the UK has ...
  • Marginal abatement cost curve for Scottish agriculture 

    Eory, Vera; Topp, Kairsty; Rees, Bob; Leinonen, Illka; Maire, Juliette (Scotland’s Rural College, 2020-12)
    Scotland is committed to meeting a net-zero target for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2045 (Climate Change (Emissions Reduction Targets) (Scotland) Act 2019)). Agriculture and the land use sector can help in two ways: ...

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