ClimateXChange is Scotland's centre of expertise on climate change. We provide a research, advice and analysis service to policy teams and associated public agencies. Funded by the Scottish Government.

Recent Submissions

  • Adapting Scottish agriculture to a changing climate - assessing options for action 

    Jenkins, Becky; Avis, Keesje; Willcocks, Jessie; Martin, Gareth; Wiltshire, Jeremy; Peters, Eleanor (Ricardo Energy & Environment, 2023-06)
    The Climate Change Risk Assessment 3 (CCRA 3) identifies a risk of serious climate impacts in Scotland. The Climate Change Committee (CCC) 2022 Report to the Scottish Parliament made recommendations on adaptation opportunities ...
  • The experiences of early adopters of zero direct emissions heating systems in Scotland 

    Borth, Kurt; Impesi, Isabella; Rush, Gwyn; Conway, James (Changeworks, 2023-06)
    Buildings account for around a fifth of Scotland’s greenhouse gas emissions. Reducing these emissions is essential for Scotland to get to net zero. This report investigates the experiences of early adopters of Zero Direct ...
  • The environmental, social, and economic benefits of sustainable travel to local high streets and town centres 

    Kariuki-Cobbett, Juliette; Morley, Beth; Worthy, Fergus (Cenex, 2023-05)
    This report provides an evidence base on the environmental, economic, and social impacts of sustainable travel for local high streets and town centres for those promoting, campaigning on, designing and delivering sustainable ...
  • Reductions in maximum flow temperatures in Scottish domestic heating 

    Martin, Melissa; Foster, Sam; Dias, Joachim; Benjamin, Sam (Element Energy, 2023-05)
    This report considers the evidence for reducing heating system flow temperatures in Scottish housing stock by modelling suitability against external temperatures and considering upgrades required to make houses suitable.
  • International heat and energy efficiency policy review 

    Clark, Tessa; Blacklaws, Katharine; Kaloustian, Robin; Moulan, Emma (LCP Delta, 2023-05)
    This report is focused on international approaches to the regulation of domestic energy efficiency and heat decarbonisation that are comparable with Scottish Government aims.
  • Mapping the current and forecasted hydrogen skills landscape 

    Weir, Iain; Beinarovica, Jolanta; Nelson, Kayleigh; Fagura, Joginder; Morrison, Mark (Optimat Ltd, 2023-05)
    This report examines the current and forecasted jobs and skills demands in Scotland’s hydrogen economy. It defines the scope of the sector and the scale of the opportunity for Scotland as a result of growth in the hydrogen ...
  • TIMES model industry sector update 

    Calvillo, Christian; Karim, Abdoul; Stewart, Jamie; Turner, Karen (Centre for Energy Policy, University of Strathclyde, 2023-04)
    This research updated the current data in Scottish TIMES relating to the industrial sector. It reviewed information relating to aspects such as cost and process efficiency, and checked data against the latest sector, ...
  • Scoping options for whole building assessment for energy efficiency and zero direct emissions heat in multi-owner and mixed-use buildings 

    Berner, Agnes; Burns, Freya; Lancaster, Megan; Lochhead, Euan (Changeworks, 2023-04)
    This report looks at potential options for creating a whole building assessment method for energy efficiency and zero emission heating in multi-owner and mixed-use buildings.
  • Scoping a national peatland monitoring framework 

    Artz, Rebekka; Coyle, Mhairi; Donaldson-Selby, Gillian; Cooksley, Susan; Gimona, Alessandro; Pakeman, Robin; Hare, Matt (James Hutton Institute, 2023-03)
    Scotland is a peat-rich nation. Healthy peatlands deliver a wide range of ecosystem services, including carbon sequestration, carbon storage and a specialised biodiversity. Much of Scotland’s peat resource is damaged: ...
  • Measuring Scotland’s net zero and climate adaptation economy – A methodology and pilot analysis 

    Kennedy, Simon; Almqvist, Mattias; Parker, Robin; O’Gorman, Stefanie; Pritchard, Adam; Niemi, Malin (Ramboll UK Ltd, 2023-02)
    This report describes a methodology that the Scottish government can use to assess relative strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of net zero and climate adaptation activities in the Scottish economy. 
  • Network investment costs of the heat transition in Scotland 

    Nicolas Melchor Gutierrez, Jose; Yates, Matt; Morris, Owen; Hanna, Beth; Pedro, Nuno Fernandes (WSP UK, 2023)
    The report investigates costs of network investments required as a result of heat decarbonisation in Scotland and the impact on consumer bills.
  • A scenario-based approach to emissions reduction targets in Scottish agriculture 

    Eory, Vera; Topp, Kairsty; Rees, Bob; Jones, Stephanie; Waxenberg, Kaia; Barnes, Andrew; Smith, Pete; MacLeod, Michael; Wall, Eileen (Scotland’s Rural College, 2023-02)
    The Climate Change (Emissions Reduction Targets) (Scotland) Act 2019 sets the ambitious net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets by 2045. This report provides an updated assessment of the emission reduction ...
  • Decarbonisation of mobile agricultural machinery in Scotland – an evidence review 

    Baker, Peter; James, Nick; Myerscough, Rhianna; Conquest, Ann (LUC, 2023-02)
    Agricultural machinery is estimated to contribute around 5-10% of Scottish Agriculture’s greenhouse gas emissions. Agricultural land in Scotland covers 5.6 million hectares and the agriculture sector represented 19% of ...
  • Low carbon transport fuels – an evidence review 

    Ure, Andrew; Martin, Conall; Campbell, Michael; Lokesh, Kadam; McNaught, Colin; Twisse, Fiona (Ricardo, 2023-01)
    The report reviews the evidence and policy supporting the potential role of low carbon fuels in the transport sector of Scotland during the transition to zero emission transport.
  • The potential for hydrogen to reduce curtailment of renewable energy in Scotland 

    Hawker, Graeme; Oakley, Gareth (University of Strathclyde, 2023-01)
    In Scotland, wind energy is sometimes significantly higher than the transmission network’s capacity to transport the electricity to the rest of Great Britain. When this happens, payments are made to wind farms operators ...
  • Zero emissions heating in new buildings across Scottish Islands 

    Knox, Dominika; Mostovaya-Urushadze, Alexandra; Bryan, Jeff; Impesi, Isabella; Dunne, Hannah; Strachan, Stephen (Delta-EE and Changeworks, 2023-01)
    The report investigates the likely impacts of a requirement for zero direct emissions heating systems in new buildings on Scottish Islands and rural areas.
  • The future of the bus vehicle market in Scotland 

    Howgego, Tim; Orchard, Katherine; Riley, Richard (Element Energy, 2022-12)
    This report assesses some of the possible impacts for the future second-hand bus market from shifting to battery electric busses.
  • Encouraging sustainable travel behaviour in children, young people and their families 

    Colley, Kathryn; Brown, Caroline; Nicholson, Hebe; Hinder, Ben; Conniff, Anna (The James Hutton Institute, 2022-11)
    This research provides evidence to support the future development of integrated policy interventions to increase sustainable travel amongst Scotland’s CYP and their families. The research focuses on wider travel behaviours ...
  • An evidence review of data associated with non-domestic buildings 

    Vatougiou, Paraskevi; McCallum, Peter; Jenkins, David (Heriot-Watt University, 2022-08)
    Scotland’s Heat in Buildings Strategy sets out a pathway to zero emissions buildings by 2045 and details actions that will accelerate the transformation of the nation’s building stock. The Strategy commits to the conversion ...
  • Managing permanent grasslands for carbon sequestration in Scottish soils 

    Oyesiku-Blakemore, Joseph; Dondini, Marta (University of Aberdeen, 2022-07)
    Soil can act as a carbon store or a carbon sink. The extent to which it does this will contribute to how Scotland can meet its emissions-reduction commitments. Grasslands cover a large area of Scotland’s land and their ...

View more