New developments in foot-and-mouth disease and their potential to influence future control in Bolivia
Mendoza, Jaime Erick Eulert
In the last few year scientists have advanced considerably our understanding of foot-and-mouth disease. This dissertation reviews these new findings and the potential for their application in a future FMD control programme in Bolivia is discussed. Molecular biology studies have led to the development of specific diagnostic methods and have allowed identification of field isolates of the virus, techniques that immeasurably enhance the comprehension of the epidemiology of the infection and. therefore, allow more precise control measures to be implemented. Improvement in vaccines, however, has not been as fruitful. Foot-and-mouth disease in Bolivia is one of the most important economic diseases of livestock and limits animal productivity. However, the disease in the country is uncontrolled and the national programme only covers small areas around the cities. The different strategies for foot-and-mouth disease control arc described and the possibilities for their applications in Bolivia arc considered. The basis for a successful control programme in Bolivia should include non biological factors such as legisllltion and political decisions together with current technology. These strategics are undoubtedly tools for a successful programme of control. However it will only be possible if there is motivation and co-operation amongst the veterinarians, government institutions and livestock owners.