Interference mitigation in LiFi networks
Due to the increasing demand for wireless data, the radio frequency (RF) spectrum has become a very limited resource. Alternative approaches are under investigation to support the future growth in data traffic and next-generation high-speed wireless communication systems. Techniques such as massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), millimeter wave (mmWave) communications and light-fidelity (LiFi) are being explored. Among these technologies, LiFi is a novel bi-directional, high-speed and fully networked wireless communication technology. However, inter-cell interference (ICI) can significantly restrict the system performance of LiFi attocell networks. This thesis focuses on interference mitigation in LiFi attocell networks. The angle diversity receiver (ADR) is one solution to address the issue of ICI as well as frequency reuse in LiFi attocell networks. With the property of high concentration gain and narrow field of view (FOV), the ADR is very beneficial for interference mitigation. However, the optimum structure of the ADR has not been investigated. This motivates us to propose the optimum structures for the ADRs in order to fully exploit the performance gain. The impact of random device orientation and diffuse link signal propagation are taken into consideration. The performance comparison between the select best combining (SBC) and maximum ratio combining (MRC) is carried out under different noise levels. In addition, the double source (DS) system, where each LiFi access point (AP) consists of two sources transmitting the same information signals but with opposite polarity, is proven to outperform the single source (SS) system under certain conditions. Then, to overcome issues around ICI, random device orientation and link blockage, hybrid LiFi/WiFi networks (HLWNs) are considered. In this thesis, dynamic load balancing (LB) considering handover in HLWNs is studied. The orientation-based random waypoint (ORWP) mobility model is considered to provide a more realistic framework to evaluate the performance of HLWNs. Based on the low-pass filtering effect of the LiFi channel, we firstly propose an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA)-based resource allocation (RA) method in LiFi systems. Also, an enhanced evolutionary game theory (EGT)-based LB scheme with handover in HLWNs is proposed. Finally, due to the characteristic of high directivity and narrow beams, a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) array transmission system has been proposed to mitigate ICI. In order to support mobile users, two beam activation methods are proposed. The beam activation based on the corner-cube retroreflector (CCR) can achieve low power consumption and almost-zero delay, allowing real-time beam activation for high-speed users. The mechanism based on the omnidirectional transmitter (ODTx) is suitable for low-speed users and very robust to random orientation.