Adapting Scottish agriculture to a changing climate - assessing options for action
The Climate Change Risk Assessment 3 (CCRA 3) identifies a risk of serious climate impacts in Scotland. The Climate Change Committee (CCC) 2022 Report to the Scottish Parliament made recommendations on adaptation opportunities for agriculture, such as the potential to grow a broader range of crops which will support domestic food security, mitigating the risks of some common food crops becoming less suitable. This report maps the current major agricultural activities in Scotland and examines Scotland’s rainfall and temperature projections up to 2030, 2050 and 2100 using UK Climate Projection (UKCP) 18 data to create a picture of current agricultural activity and future climate. We located regions that currently have a similar climate to what Scotland expects in the future, to identify potential agricultural products that could be adopted or expanded in Scotland. We also explored published evidence to examine the options for climate change adaptation for farmers in Scotland. Farmers are already experiencing changing weather patterns and extreme events due to climate change and consideration of adaptation actions is very timely.