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dc.contributor.authorDe Munari, Annalisa
dc.contributor.authorSchäfer, Andrea
dc.date.accessioned2010-11-15T11:52:14Z
dc.date.available2010-11-15T11:52:14Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationDe Munari, A. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; (2010) Impact of speciation on removal of manganese and organic matter using nanofiltration, Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology - Aqua, ‘Membranes in Drinking Water Treatment’, invited special issue paper. Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology, AQUA, 59, 2–3, 152-163.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.2166/aqua.2010.067
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/4264
dc.description.abstractThe removal of manganese and humic acid (HA) by two nanofiltration membranes, TFC-SR2 and TFC-SR3, was investigated in order to highlight the influence of speciation on manganese and HA retention. Manganese speciation and complexation with HA were modelled to understand how speciation could affect NF removal mechanisms. The behaviour of the two membranes was drastically different for manganese retention. Manganese retention for TFC-SR3 was higher and dominated by size exclusion. Manganese retention for TFC-SR2 varied with pH. At pH 7, i.e. the pH of most natural waters, manganese retention for TFC-SR2 was about 45% versus 90% of TFCSR3, with fluxes of about 75 and 25 L.m-2h-1, respectively. Both membranes showed very high retention of HA (about 80%), being therefore suitable for surface waters where no salt removal is required. Manganese deposit on both membranes was generally low (< 10%), but increased at pH 10 and 12 as manganese deposited as precipitated MnCO3, and the membranes showed a yellowbrownish layer.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherIWA Publishingen
dc.subjecthumic acidsen
dc.subjectnanofiltrationen
dc.subjectspeciationen
dc.titleImpact of speciation on removal of manganese and organic matter by nanofiltrationen
dc.typeArticleen


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