Entha kai entha: spatial metaphors of mental conflict
Livingston, James Graham
This thesis takes as its starting point the sunbeam simile used of Medea in Apollonius Rhodius’ Argonautica (3.755-60). Chapter One examines the simile in detail, arguing for a textual transposition that establishes it as a piece of psychological imagery in which the formula entha kai entha functions as a spatial metaphor of mental vacillation. Chapter Two surveys the use of the formula in Apollonius and Homer and then discusses two passages from the Odyssey, which, owing to multiple correspondences, are argued to be intertextual literary precedents for the Apollonian scene. Chapter Three then expands the scope from the formula to the rest of the simile, and shows how the chosen excerpt is a paradigm of Apollonian use and innovation of Homer.