Incidence Calculus: A Mechanism for Probabilistic Reasoning
Journal of Automated Reasoning
Mechanisms for the automation of uncertainty are required for expert systems. Sometimes these mechanisms need to obey the properties of probabilistic reasoning. We argue that a purely numeric mechanism, like those proposed so far, cannot provide a probabilistic logic with truth functional connec- tives. We propose an alternative mechanism, Incidence Calculus, which is based on a representation of uncertainty using sets of points, which might represent situations models or possible worlds. Incidence Calculus does provide a probabilistic logic with truth functional connectives.