Enantioselective copper-catalysed reductive Michael cyclisations
Oswald, Claire Louise
Hydrometalation of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds provides access to reactive metal enolates, which can then be trapped by a suitable electrophile. The coppercatalysed reductive aldol reaction involves hydrometalation of an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compound, followed by an inter- or intramolecular aldol reaction. While there have been numerous examples of copper-catalysed reductive aldol reactions reported in the literature, the corresponding reductive Michael reaction has been relatively understudied. Herein, the copper-catalysed reductive Michael cyclisation of substrates containing two α,β-unsaturated carbonyl moieties is described. A range of structurally and electronically diverse substrates were prepared by various different methods. Both α,β-unsaturated ketones and esters underwent cyclisation, in the presence of a copper catalyst, a bisphosphine ligand, and a stoichiometric reductant, to afford 5- and 6- membered carbocyclic and heterocyclic products, with good-to-excellent levels of diastereo- and enantiocontrol. Furthermore, the diastereochemical outcome of these reactions is dependent on the specific reaction conditions used.