Peptide nucleic acid-encoded libraries for microarray-based high-throughput screening
Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) were used as encoding tags to enable the analysis of peptide libraries by PNA/DNA hybridisation onto DNA microarrays. This allowed entire peptide libraries to be organised and sorted in a two dimensional format whereby all library members could be interrogated and analysed on a one-byone basis. In this thesis, PNA-encoded peptide libraries, generated by split-and-mix library synthesis, were screened for a variety of functions. Peptide sequences identified from the screening of a PNA-encoded library were analysed in detail as the first specific substrates for chymopapain. A new PNAencoded library consisting of D-amino acids was synthesised and screened with a number of proteases in attempts to identify novel/unusual substrates. PNA-encoded libraries were also used in the screening of peptide libraries for other activities. Thus substrates for catalyst-free Hüisgen cycloaddition were identified following the reaction between an alkyne modified peptide library and azidofluorescein, while cell-penetrating peptides were identified by hybridization of an internalized encoded library onto a DNA microarray.