Facial structure and its association with behaviour in men and women.
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Warriner-Gallyer, Genevieve Estelle
It has been found that the structure of the face can be cues to behaviours such as aggression, violence and social dominance. Using a finding by Carré and McCormick (2008) that the facial width to height ratio (WHR) could be one of these cues, we also look at two other known facial measures that have been found to differ between men and women to see if these relate to expressions of behaviour. In this study we examine the extent to which facial cues of WHR, facial masculinity, face width to lower face height and self-perceived attractiveness as measured from 243 3D facial images of men and women, are associated with behaviours of aggression, social dominance, and violence as assessed through self-report questionnaires. It was found that the WHR was a poor predictor of aggressive behaviour but that taken together an overall narrower face could be a possible cue to behaviours of social dominance and violence in men. Self-reported attractiveness was found to relate to social dominance in women but it is unclear as to whether this is socially constructed or due to factors underlying appearance. These results add to the previous literature surrounded facial metric and personality correlates.