Searching for CP violation in the B°s → ØØ decay at LHCb
Benson, Sean Harry
The study of flavour physics allows for the Standard Model (SM) to be tested to higher energies than can be accessed through direct searches. The SM is known not to provide enough of a difference between matter and anti-matter, termed CP violation, to explain the dominance of matter in our universe. One of the main purposes of the LHCb experiment is to search for new sources of CP violation in the decays of B mesons. Flavour changing neutral current (FCNC) interactions are forbidden at tree level in the SM, and can therefore only be accessed through quantum loops. In New Physics scenarios such as Supersymmetry, new particles could appear in those loops introducing new sources of CP violation. The Bos→ØØ decay proceeds via the b → sss FCNC transition. Triple products provide a method of exploiting the angular distributions of P → V V decays to create T-odd observables. Asymmetries of these T-odd observables, averaged over the initial flavour of the Bos meson provide a measure of T violation. Assuming CPT conservation, violation of time reversal infers CP violation. The CP-violating weak phase in the interference between Bos mixing and the decay to two Ø mesons is predicted to be close to zero in the SM. The measurements of the triple product asymmetries and the CP-violating weak phase have been performed using 1.0 fb-1 of LHCb data. Events where kaon pairs originate from a spin-0 or non-resonant state are accounted for with the associated angular distributions. Triple product asymmetries are measured to be AU = -0:055 ± 0:036(stat) ± 0:018(syst) and Av = 0:010 ± 0:036(stat) ± 0:018(syst). The CP-violating phase is found to be in the interval [-2:46,-0:76] rad at 68% confidence level. The p-value for the hypothesis of zero radians is found to be 16 %. These results represent the most accurate measurements of the triple product asymmetries and the first measurement of the CP-violating weak phase.