Theoretical study of industrial housing design policies with regard to potential social change in Turkey
Adam, Mehmet Y.
The aim of the study is to draw attention to the need for a housing design policy forming part of a comprehensive approach to the totality of production and with an understanding that the production activities of an individual or a society are the principal activities for its existence and development. An additional purpose is to define the necessary conditions for this change in production and to propose a process wherein dialectics will be in inherent part. For this purpose the study approaches the problem from the characteristic features of the physical environment production of a particular section of the community - namely the urban squatters - and establishes the relations between these characteristics with those of production as a whole. This totality - i.e. production as a whole also shows variations from one locality, one community to another and should be considered as feudal or capitalistic, as rural or urban, and as agricultural or industrial. Since these categories are not all exclusive a further conceptualization also becomes necessary. This we find in the concept of mode of production which embodies all variations according to the state of the productive forces and the nature of prevailing social relations which are derived from the production of the society. In other words the products of a society and their production process with its impact on the society are evaluated within a total which is defined as the mode of production of a society. This is done in three parts: in the first a particular case of physical environment production is analyzed. This is the squatter housing areas of Turkey which, although the intention, here, is not to provide a detailed review of squatter housing in all parts of the world, can also be found in the other under developed countries. First these areas are defined by their quantitative and qualitative characteristics characteristics, then they are defined as distinct from slums or rural settlements. Conclusions of this first part are based on the analyses of production relations, social organization and organization for physical environment production. In the second part the process of production is considered as a means for changing various social relations. Firstly the nature of these relations is discussed as an aspect of production in rural and urban societies. Secondly the nature of means in rural and urban contexts is defined with regard to material and conceptual tools of production, and finally the place of production of the environment within the totality of natural and human production processes is described. In the concluding part a summary of the characteristics discussed in the first two parts is followed by a summary of the requirements of a process of change. Then available means are studied as information and production processes, and a proposal is made in view of the afore discussed role of production. Here, one more factor is taken into consideration and it is that the process of production is also a dialectical process and the roles of dialectical relations, cause effect relations, quantity quality relations and contradictory relations should be regarded as the conditions to be satisfied by the proposed process. Finally the whole process is described by means of a model where the feedback and control mechanisms account for the requirements of cause effect and dialectical relations. Then the role of contradictory relations is further developed as a sub-process where the transition from one state to another could be materialized.