The extremely high degree to which titanium dioxide reflects light
has led to its large scale use as a pigment in the paint and paper industries and as a delustering agent for artificial fibres in the textile industries. Although ideal in physical properties titanium dioxide has
adverse chemical properties in such respects that its use is accompanied
by the flaking of paints and the tendering of fabrics, actions largely
induced on exposure to light. (1, 2, 3, 4, 5).
Among the various objects of this present work is the establishing
of the common factors between oxygen and nitric oxide uptakes, and both
oxygen-titanium dioxide and nitric oxide-titanium dioxide systems have
been further investigated. In addition, processes occurring between
titanium dioxide and ammonia also mixtures have
The foregoing discussion has established the photochemical reactions
of titanium dioxide to occur on the surface. Although the postulated nature
of the "photo-activated" surface has successfully explained the observed reactions
it still remains to be further established. Study of the adsorption of unsaturated hydrocarbons, in particular acetylene and ethylene, and other simple
organic molecules such as formaldehyde and acetaldehyde might yield interesting
The problem of preventing photochemical properties in commercial
titanium dioxide pigments still remains to be solved. It was not possible
during the present work to determine whether they sponsored the same photo
processes. If, however, they do, then it is obvious that the pigment must, in
some way, b e prevented from having oxygen or hydroxyl deficiencies on the surface.
It would be interesting to see if phosphine (PH₃) would displace water- in the
same manner as ammonia and if it did, whether the subsequent uptake of oxygen
would be photo or thermal.
Possible uses of titanium dioxide as a specific catalyst may arise
from the proton donating and accepting properties resulting from the ammonia
displacement of water, e.g. would it be possible to hydrogenate ethylene by
illumination of hydrogen and ethylene? By working at elevated temperatures
it might be possible to accomplish this thermally.