The Lord's Supper: a study in origins
MacKay, Malcolm George
CONTENTS: I. THE PROBLEMII. THE NARRATIVE OF ST. MARK: The Anointing of Jesus: Prelude to Betrayal: The First Day of Unleavened Bread: The Two Disciples: The Supper Narrative: The Prophecy of Betrayal: Jesus' Words over the Bread: Artos or Azume: Jesus' Words over the Cup: Jesus' Renunciation of the Wine: The Hallel: The City Limits for Passover Night: The Arrest in the Garden: The Young Man who Fled: Trial and Execution on a Festival: Barabbas or Christ: Simon of Cyrene: The Burial; The Resurrection: Conclusion.III. THE NARRATIVE OF ST. MATTHEW: The Time-reference: Preparation of the Passover Seder: Prophecy of Betrayal; The Institution of the Lord's Supper: The Narrative of the passion, The Burial: The Resurrection: Summary.IV. THE NARRATIVE OF ST. LUKE: The Markan introduction; The Lukan Narrative of the Last Supper: Long Text or Short Text? The Passover Seder through Lukan Eyes: The Earliest Last Supper Narrative; Unmasking the Betrayer: The Shorter Text and Acts: Whence came the Shorter Text? The Destination of Luke and Acts: The Source of Luke and Acts: Comparing the Bezan abd Western Texts of Luke: Indications as to Priority of Text; Sunmarizing the results of the Analysis; Mark: and Matthew and the Early Lukan Text.V. ST. LUKE AND ST. PAUL: The Pauline Tradition of the Lord's Supper: Antioch or Jerusalem? The Evidence of Galatians; St. Luke and St. Paul: Common Material to all Four Traditions: The Four Accounts arranged in Parallel; The Origins of the Liturgies: The Date of the Shorter Text; Arguments against the early dating of Luke: External evidence for the Date of Luke: The Gospel Background of the Pauline Teaching: The Evidence of Romans; Summarizing the Evidence of Romans: Possible Matthean Elements in I Corinthians: Summarizing Evidence from Pauline Sources.VI. St .LUKE'S LONGER ACCOUNT: St. Luke's Longer Text - the Final picture: Differences between the Two Traditions: Features not found in the Lukan Account: An Attempt at Conflation: The Journey to Emmaus; Summarizing the Discoveries from the First Three Gospels.VII. THE EVIDENCE OF THE ACTS OF THE APOSTLES: Conclusions; The Day of Pentecost.VIII. THE EVIDENCE OF THE FOURTH GOSPEL: Jewish Festivals in the Fourth Gospel: The Readers of the Fourth Gospel: The Chronology of the passion; The Anointing: The Triumphal Entry; The Last Supper Narrative; The Meaning of Deipnon: John's Introduction to the Last Supper; Why did Judas leave the Room? The Last Supper Discourses; The Trial of Jesus: Ceremonial Defilement; The Pesach; The Release of Barabbas: The Sentence of Death: The Meaning of Paraskeue: That Sabbath was a Great Day: Not a Bone of Him shall be Broken: The Hasty Burial; The Meal by the Lakeside: Conclusion.IX. ADDITIONAL PAULINE EVIDENCE: Conclusions.The Fourth Gospel therefore, far from contradicting the Synoptics with regard to its basic chronology of the Passion, stands firmly with them on all essential points, and any dogmatic conclusions drawn must be in the light of an integrity of the four.Gospels, rather than setting one against the rest. The silence of St. John about the Bread and Wine must be interpreted in this setting, and also with due regard for his evident sacramental interests, as well as his close interest in the Jewish cultus.